Методы политико-компаративных исследований
The textbook reveals the main trends and problems of the development of modern comparative political science. Particular attention is paid to the methodological and methodological issues of comparative analysis in political science, the correlation of qualitative and quantitative approaches to the study of modern political institutions and processes in different countries, the measuring instrument for studying democracy, institutional designs of states, political parties, electoral systems, federations, public policy. The work contains extensive empirical material. The book is intended for students of higher education institutions studying in the direction of "Political Science", and all those interested in the political development of various countries of the modern world. Has the neck of the Educational and Methodological Association.
Currently, non-democracies are showing a significant interest in e-participation tools, i.e. in various online mechanisms for citizen participation in public policy, such as epetitions and e-consultations. Such instruments can be found in a vast range of countries from the post-Soviet space to the Middle East. This leads to new interpretations of the role ICT play in regime dynamics, and describes the peculiarities of contemporary authoritarianism. While the Internet has long been considered a liberation technology, it is currently viewed as providing stability of the authoritarian regime. In these circumstances, e-participation is becoming another pseudo-democratic institution, adapted as a tool for authoritarian consolidation. Although the number of works aimed at understanding this phenomenon is increasing, the research agenda is far from being complete. This paper, first, summarizes what we know and do not know about e-participation in authoritarian contexts, and second, outlines several prospects for further research. In this regards, the author considers e-participation as a policy, institution and process.
As a policy, e-participation is the result of the global innovation diffusion and policy learning. The most likely recipient of this innovation among non-democracies is a regime dependent upon internal and external legitimation, as well as having sufficient state potential for reforms. Quite often, e-participation becomes a window-dressing for a repressive Internet-policy and does not go beyond websites.
At the same time, e-participation can become a full-fledged institution of authoritarian consolidation, performing the same functions as other institutions, such as information gathering and monitoring the elites. For this, online mechanisms must have a certain institutional design and manipulation menu. It eventually helps dictators to channel Internet protests into the spaces that are fully controlled by the government.
E-participation in non-democracies as a process remains an underexplored issue. The evidence prove that the use of such mechanisms indeed makes citizens consider the government to be more legitimate. However, it is to be further explained who, why and with what result is engaged into non-democratic e-participation.
The author argues that a stronger integration between comparative authoritarianism and e-participation studies would be beneficial for both areas of research.
The textbook is devoted to the historical, theoretical and applied aspects of modern comparative political science and to the characteristics of the practices of political and comparative studies. The publication presents a wide panorama of the thematic diversity and methodological tools of this subdiscipline of political science and is focused on the formation of practical skills in comparative analysis. The uniqueness of the publication is determined by the synthesis of the institutional and analytical-country approaches: the theoretical and methodological approaches of comparative political science presented in the first part are applied to the analysis of the modern world, varying in character and scale, from major to microstate states.