ПОСЛЕ ВАС:ДОКТРИНА СВОБОДЫ ДОГОВОРА В СОВРЕМЕННОМ РОССИЙСКОМ ПРАВОПРИМЕНЕНИИ
The article deals with the current issues of ‘freedom of contract’, a fundamental private-law doctrine, which were brought into focus by the Ruling of the Plenum of the Supreme Arbitration Court #16 ‘On the freedom of contracts and its limitations’. The author argues that the S.A.C. view on the administration of this doctrine, as presented in the Ruling, is poorly compatible with some basic concepts of private-law legislature and legal text interpretation, as well as with the theory of separation of powers. It will cause a traumatic effect on sustainability of individual rights of a less powerful party, e.g. those of the customer.
The article describes the history of development of the English law and the scien-
tific and practical approaches reflecting concepts of judicial interpretation in England,
value of interpretation and construction at a stage of application the law, the author does
the conclusion about formation of the English doctrine of statutory interpretation.
The article of E.P.Gavrilov, doctor of legal sciences, professor of civil law department of National research university Higher school of economics (Moscow, firstname.lastname@example.org), analyzes influence of Federal Law №302-ФЗ, 30 December 2012 on intellectual rights.
In my paper I will analyze decisions of the Russian Constitutional Court and courts of general jurisdiction, in which they interpret ordinary and seemingly unambiguous words and phrases. In a number of cases this interpretation is made in a manner, which is suspect from a linguistic point of view. The analysis shows that there is no consistency in the application by Russian courts of the ‘‘plain language’’ rule and that literal interpretation may be used selectively as a means of legitimizing the decisions made on non-linguistic grounds. Though literal interpretation can be often incompatible with the concept of justice and therefore judges should also take into account other criteria, there are examples of court decisions, in which literal interpretation would have been more appropriate from the perspective of justice, separation of powers and human rights. The article shows how use and misuse of language by judges is employed as a tool in judicial decision-making.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/