Принцип добросовестности как легальная презумпция бесконфликтности намерений в осуществлении субъективного гражданского права
The author of this article differentiates abuse of law from bad faith behaviour. The latter is, in his view, the conflict in the intentions about the claim ground. Thus the lack of good faith is seen as such a flaw in the claimant’s interest that, if established, should launch a test whether the action in question constitutes an abuse of law. However, this indicator of the condition of the claimant’s interest is not in per se equivalent to the condition itself; therefore, the court should not equate bad faith to abuse of law. The work goes on to unfold the above viewpoint, suggesting some arguments in its favour. Following his understanding of the good faith category, the author criticizes the current position of the principle of good faith in the Russian Civil Code as a legal obligation and a prerequisite of a claim. In the framework of the view set forth in the article, this principle can be nothing but a legal presumption.