О некоторых перечислительных задачах лямбда-исчисления
The article considers combinatorial problems associated with the enumeration of lambda-terms in a untyped lambda calculus, as well as in simply typed systems with a single atom in the style of Church. For the case of untyped lambda calculus a system of equations for generating functions is constructed which describes the number of lambda terms. In the case of typed lambda calculus, both the inhabited types and the simplest inhabitants in them are enumerated.
We show that the multivariate generating function of appropriately normalized moments of a measure with homogeneous polynomial density supported on a compact polytope P subset of R-d is a rational function. Its denominator is the product of linear forms dual to the vertices of P raised to the power equal to the degree of the density function. Using this, we solve the inverse moment problem for the set of, not necessarily convex, polytopes having a given set S of vertices. Under a weak non-degeneracy assumption we also show that the uniform measure supported on any such polytope is a linear combination of uniform measures supported on simplices with vertices in S.
The book contains the necessary information from the algorithm theory, graph theory, combinatorics. It is considered partially recursive functions, Turing machines, some versions of the algorithms (associative calculus, the system of substitutions, grammars, Post's productions, Marcov's normal algorithms, operator algorithms). The main types of graphs are described (multigraphs, pseudographs, Eulerian graphs, Hamiltonian graphs, trees, bipartite graphs, matchings, Petri nets, planar graphs, transport nets). Some algorithms often used in practice on graphs are given. It is considered classical combinatorial configurations and their generating functions, recurrent sequences. It is put in a basis of the book long-term experience of teaching by authors the discipline «Discrete mathematics» at the business informatics faculty, at the computer science faculty of National Research University Higher School of Economics, and at the automatics and computer technique faculty of National research university Moscow power engineering institute. The book is intended for the students of a bachelor degree, trained at the computer science faculties in the directions 09.03.01 Informatics and computational technique, 09.03.02 Informational systems and technologies, 09.03.03 Applied informatics, 09.03.04 Software Engineering, and also for IT experts and developers of software products.
We consider a cooperative game based on a network in which nodes represent players and the characteristic function is defined using a maximal covering by the pairs of connected nodes. Problems of this form arise in many applications such as mobile communications, patrolling, logistics and sociology. The Owen value, which describes the significance of each node in the network, is derived. We show that the method of generating functions can be useful for calculating this Owen value and illustrate this approach based on examples of network structures.
In this paper we obtain the solution of some functional equation of Ruelle’s type using a power series with random coefficients
Exponential generating functions for the Dyck and Motzkin triangles are constructed for various assignments of multiplicities to the arrows of these triangles. The possibility to build such a function provided that the generating function for paths that end on the axis is a priori unknown is analyzed. Asymptotic estimates for the number of paths are obtained for large values of the path length.
This proceedings publication is a compilation of selected contributions from the “Third International Conference on the Dynamics of Information Systems” which took place at the University of Florida, Gainesville, February 16–18, 2011. The purpose of this conference was to bring together scientists and engineers from industry, government, and academia in order to exchange new discoveries and results in a broad range of topics relevant to the theory and practice of dynamics of information systems. Dynamics of Information Systems: Mathematical Foundation presents state-of-the art research and is intended for graduate students and researchers interested in some of the most recent discoveries in information theory and dynamical systems. Scientists in other disciplines may also benefit from the applications of new developments to their own area of study.