The main directions of the dynamics of labour resource potential of the Republic of Tatarstan
The Republic of Tatarstan is one of the most economically developed
regions of Russia. Large-scale projects implemented in the republic make high demands for
labor resource security. Understanding of the status and trends of the dynamics of labor
resource potential of the Republic of Tatarstan will allow the region to build a competent
management of key factors for future economic development. The article describes the results of
investigation of the dynamics of labor resource potential of the Republic of Tatarstan. It
highlights an attempt to use cartographic research method in combination with the
geostatistical methods of analysis of statistical data on the population based on the current
capabilities of GIS.
The geographic information system (GIS) is based on the first and only Russian Imperial Census of 1897 and the First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union of 1926. The GIS features vector data (shapefiles) of allprovinces of the two states. For the 1897 census, there is information about linguistic, religious, and social estate groups. The part based on the 1926 census features nationality. Both shapefiles include information on gender, rural and urban population. The GIS allows for producing any necessary maps for individual studies of the period which require the administrative boundaries and demographic information.
This article discusses spatial changes in the ethnic territories of Native Siberians from the late nineteenth century to the early twenty-first century. A Geographic Information System (GIS) was developed to model and observe these changes. The GIS also features resource-oriented economic activities, major waterways and railroads. Analysis of the model, textual sources and statistical data made it possible to determine what factors constituted Siberia’s ethnographical pattern of the early twentieth century and led to its changes in the ensuing decades and what impact on the indigenous peoples these changes had. Four special maps showing Siberia in the 1900s–10s, 1930s–40s, 1970s–80s and 2000s–10s were produced from the GIS and are included in the article. The current legal status of the indigenous peoples’ territories was also examined. This article presents an interdisciplinary macroscale case study.
According to the Treaty of Frankfurt (1871) France lost Alsace and Lorraine. In the paper I estimate how a new border affected a growth of towns. Applying difference-in-differences methodology to census data for 1831-1911, I obtain paradoxical result. New border stimulates growth of nearby towns. Observed effect is turned to be persistent and robust to specification changes. Obtained results are contradicted to both theory and other empirical studies (Sturm, Redding (2008), Brülhart et al.(2012) and others).
The theme of the Conference Proceedings is aimed at solving one of the urgent problems of modern science — the creation and use of GIS as an effective tool for creation models of sustainable development of territories. The widespread use of information technologies is recommended for all countries on the Agenda of the 21st century, adopted at the UN Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) in 1992 and confirmed at the same conference in Johannesburg (South Africa, 2002). In the framework of the task for 23 years the conference InterCarto. InterGIS is held, dedicated GIS for sustainable development of territories. This series is the only annual international conference held in Russia in this field. This series of conferences is held in the framework of the International Cartographic Association (ICA), which brings together 83 countries, and also the Center of World Data System for Geography. The conference themes are often consistent with one of the commissions of the International Geographical Union.
This handbook provides an integrated picture of knowledge about the economic and social behaviors and interactions of human beings on markets, in households, in companies and in societies. With a core basis in labor economics, human resources, demography and econometrics, it contains a large and complete summary and evaluation of the scientific state of the art. It relates to relevant fields in law, behavioral science, psychology, health, biology, sociology and political science, among others, where basic human processes are considered. Long survey chapters on core knowledge are combined with shorter frontier research chapters and those with a clear policy perspective.
The Baikal region in Siberia had long been a zone of interactions between various European, Asian and global actors. Numerous relational spaces which were produced by the interactions were reconstructed in a geographic information system (GIS) and analysed jointly. The fall of the Qing and Russian empires resulted in energetic attempts to redraw administrative and international boundaries. Between 1917 and 1919 several disentanglement projects were developed and implemented by different actors, including indigenous intellectuals and Buddhist monks. These were the Buryat Autonomy proclaimed in 1917; the Buddhist theocracy created by a dissident Buddhist monk Lubsan Samdan Tsydenov; and the pan-Mongolian federation of Inner, Outer, Hulunbuir and Buryat Mongolia supported by Japanese officers and a regional Cossack leader Grigory Semenov. Each project underlined a certain group identity and claimed particular relational spaces. The article explored how the conflicts between overlapping identities were resolved, and why all three projects failed.