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Article

ТРАДИЦИИ ПЕЩЕРНОЙ АРХИТЕКТУРЫ ИНДИИ

In ancient and early medieval India cave temples became one of two widespread types of sacral architecture of Hindu, Jain and Buddhists. It’s the most full-fledged tradition of cave architecture in a world art history. More than 1500 temples were carved during the thirteen hundred years. Despite of many obvious loans from wooden prototypes, Indian cave architecture became independent, developing in parallel to structural temples. In this article I analyze the most possible emergence reasons of rock-cut architecture and the peculiarities of the evolution of it’s forms.