Успешные стратегии представления и продвижения интересов ИТ-бизнеса в органах государственной власти: отраслевая специфика и теоретическая рамка
The article aims to discuss practical problems and inconsistencies of industrial policy in Russia since 2000, to analyze positive and negative experiences, and to draw lessons, which are essential for the new technology-industrial policy.
The evolution of approaches to industrial policy in Russia is considered, which particularly results in convergence between the innovation and industrial policies. Basic state interest groups are revealed, whose interaction determines the industrial policy design. The authors try to make a comparison between two recent significant industrial policy examples: the automotive industry and the nanoindustry. On this basis some prerequisites for successful policies are revealed.
The following main lessons are drawn:
First. World experience shows that the requirements for industrial policy and its opportunities change significantly with time. Such policies in each country and at a given time need new ideas and solutions; it is extremely difficult to replicate the success of the industrial policies of various countries.
Second. Quite successful industrial policy examples are typically aimed at entering foreign market, becoming globally competitive, and attracting foreign investment. The implementation of industrial policy without definite and sufficient conditions for the free entry and exit of major players and without the participation of foreign partners is doomed only to simulate progress, to have strong informational asymmetry, and to create antagonist images of what is actually happening in economy in the eyes of the society and of the public authorities.
Third. The problem of correctly assessing the scientific and technological potential is of great importance for the technological-industrial policy implementation. Numerous assessments appear to be unreliable since they do not take into account changes in business demand for technology. The tendency to use the legacy of past decades sometimes becomes a political problem, blocking some new approaches and the development of international technology cooperation.
Forth. A negative attitude towards particular policies should not be regarded as a “taboo” against studying the related issues. The fact that for a long time in Russia it has been as if “there were no kind of industrial policy” led to the low quality of both industrial policy and its research.
Keywords: ; science, technology and innovation policy; priority industries; priority technologies; interest groups; state institutions.
This paper considers main driving forces of new possible model of economic growth in Russia after global recession of 2008-2009 as well as preconditions for implantation of this model. Paper argues that two social group improved their positions in 2000s can serve as driving forces of this new model – “new business” and “new bureaucracy”
New trends, technologies and symbols of the "Design and advertisement 2013" exhibition with illustrated examples are described in the article.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management