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Article

Разработка пилотажной версии Теста самообладания

This article describes the first results of development of a new measure called Self-Possession Scale (SPS) that is designed to assess the extent to which a person may or may not be keeping a grip on oneself in different circumstances. The SPS includes 7 test items grouped together in three scales: 1) personal self-possession (i.e., ability to self-control and composure in everyday life); 2) eventual selfpossession (i.e., ability to maintain fortitude in difficult situations); 3) existential self-possession (i.e., ability to preserve the wisdom and harmony with itself in all circumstances). The exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis highlighted the existence of three factors. Evidence for the psychometric features of the scale is presented in a series of studies (the subjects were 575 respondents). Particularly, the scale shows good psychometric features of discriminativeness, internal consistency, test-retest reliability and construct validity. The construct validation showed that the SPS does not duplicate existing scales evaluating the similar parameters (i.e., the Self-Determination Scale by K. Sheldon and E. Deci, the Self-Monitoring Scale by M. Snyder, the Self-Control Scale by R. Baumeister, etc.). In conclusion, the author makes a few remarks about the limitations of scale associated with its social desirability, and future properties for psychological research.