Домашняя среда и установки по отношению к семье: как они взаимосвязаны?
In the current paper, the interrelation between the friendliness of the home environment and family attitudes is investigated. The friendliness of the home environment includes three parameters: the number of functions provided by home (functionality), the congruence of these functions with inhabitants’ needs (relevance), and the home attachment. We assumed that friendly home environment contributes positively to the inhabitants’ family attitudes, and positive family attitudes, in turn, predict a perceived friendly home image.
The sample consisted of 393 participants (295 females and 98 males), students of different faculties of the Higher School of Economics. We used the Functionality of the Home Environment Questionnaire, the Relevance of the Home Environment Questionnaire (short version), the Home Attachment Questionnaire, and the Attitudinal Familism Scale.
The results of the regression analysis show that family attitudes are significantly related to such parameters as Home Attachment, Pragmatism, Protection, Plasticity, Self-Presentation, Ergonomics, and Development of the home environment. And, vice versa, almost all the parameters of the functionality and relevance of the home environment are significantly impacted by family attitudes. Home Attachment is significantly mutually related to attitudes towards family.
The study’s results can be helpful in design of the home environment, in forming individual profiles of the home environment preferences, and for intensification resource function of home as a factor of family atmosphere’ improvement.