• A
  • A
  • A
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • ABC
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
Regular version of the site

Article

Н.В. Кюнер (1877-1955): "Корея во второй половине XVIII века". Неопубликованная машинопись

Вестник архивиста. 2018. № 1. С. 24-37.

Nikolai Vasil’evich Kyuner (1877-1955) is a Russian orientalist. After his graduation with merit from Saint Petersburg State University, he was sent for two years to the Far Eastern countries. After his return he was appointed as a Head of the Department of Historical and Geographical Sciences at Eastern Institute (Vladivostok) in 1904. Since then he became one the first Russian orientalists who held systematic courses on history, geography and ethnography. Author of more than 400 works. This article focuses on a typescript of his unpublished research “Korea in the second half of the 18th century” that is held at the Archive of the Institute of Oriental Manuscripts of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Saint-Petersburg). Still unknown to the most of the Russian Koreanists, it nevertheless retains its scientific significance as one of the earliest attempts to appeal to the history of the "golden age" of Korea. The date of its accomplishment is unknown though basing on the analysis of mentioned documents we restore it to the 1931-40s. Our aim is to introduce this typescript to the Russian historians and orientalists and to examine the correctness and actuality of the text. N. V. Kuyner’s typescript consists of seven sections: “Introduction. Sources review”, “General characteristics of the achieved stage of social development of Korea in the second half of the 18th century”, “Great impoverishment of the country”, “Peasantry”, “Cities”, “Mass uprisings”, “Military bureaucratic regime”, “The Great Collection of Laws” (the lawbook). There are excerpts from foreign and domestic publications of the 19th - early 20th centuries, as well as valuable information about the Korean codes of laws, encyclopedias of the 18th century, which have not yet been translated into European languages. The focus is given to the socio-economic situation of Korea in the 18th century; the struggle of court groupings of the 16th-18th centuries and its role in the domestic and foreign policy of the country; the social structure of society and the problems of the peasantry; the role of trade in the development of the Middle Korean society; legal proceedings and legislation, etc. One of the first in Russian Koreanistics, N. V. Kyuner turned to the reasons for the formation of the Korean “parties” named sasaek and the subsequent events, linking the unstable situation in the country to the formal “closing” it for external contacts and the execution of the Crown Prince Sado (1735-1762).