Об интерпретации -л–формы без связки в плюсквамперфектных контекстах в Ипатьевской и 1-ой Новгородской летописях
The article analyzes l-forms without an auxiliary with a meaning of a pre-past action. Such
l-participles are usually regarded as perfect forms used in pluperfect contexts. However, it will be shown that
apparently we deal with the rise of a specialized for expressing the grammatical meaning of result, for which
the correlation with time (present or past) was irrelevant. This interpretation is confirmed with the material
of Modern Russian dialects with -shi / -vshi perfect and pluperfect, where the -shi / -vshi form used without
the auxiliary in the past tense can mean the result pertaining not only to the present, but also to the past.