Возвращаясь к надписи на Алексеевском кресте: что значит ОБЩЕЕ ЛѢТО?
This paper examines the inscription on a white-stone cross, a superb example of
carving technique and epigraphic calligraphy, placed on the western wall of the Sophia
Cathedral in Novgorod under Archbishop Aleksiy (1359–1388). The attention of researchers
has been drawn in particular to question of dating (the date in the inscription itself
has not survived) and an enigmatic phrase, for which several interpretations have
been proposed. This paper puts forward a new one, OBŠČAGO LĚTA, arguing that this
expression is an equivalent of the Latin annus communis ‘common year’ as opposed both
to the “bissextile year” (of the solar cycle) and “embolismatic year” (of the lunar cycle).
The expression OBŠČEE LĚTO, unique in Old Russian written sources, is thereby an interesting
fact — hitherto unregistered by lexicographers —of the history of Russian language;
it also enlarges our knowledge of the chronological erudition of the fourteenthcentury