Термодинамика изинговых квантово-холловских ферромагнетиков при \nu=2
In the two-dimensional electron systems with strong coupling in MgZnO/ZnO heterostructures, the thermal
behavior of Ising quantum Hall ferromagnets at the filling factor nu=2 has been studied. The spin polarization
of Hall ferromagnets has been detected by measuring the signal related to the inelastic light scattering by
intrasubband spin excitons. A stepwise change in the spin polarization at the phase transition at the filling factors nu=2, 3, and 4 in the heterostructures with different electron densities has been observed. The thermal
stability of the Hall ferromagnetic phases at nu=2 has been studied and the Curie temperature has been estimated.
It has been shown that the Curie temperature is determined by the formation energy for domain walls
in the Ising quantum Hall ferromagnets.
We have experimentally studied the renormalized effective mass m* and Dingle temperature TD in two spin subbands with essentially different electron populations. Firstly, we found that the product m*T_D that determines the damping of quantum oscillations, to the first approximation, is the same in the majority and minority subbands even at a spin polarization degree as high as 66%. This result confirms the theoretical predictions that the interaction takes place at high energies ~EF rather than within a narrow strip of energies EF ± kBT . Secondly, to the next approximation, we revealed a difference in the damping factor of the two spin subbands, which causes skewness of the oscillation line shape. In the absence of the in-plane magnetic field , the damping factor m*T_D is systematically smaller in the spin-majority subband. The difference, quantified with the skew factor γ = (TD↓ − TD↑)/2T_D0 can be as large as 20%. The skew factor tends to decrease as B or temperature grow, or B⊥ decreases; for low electron densities and high in-plane fields, the skew factor even changes sign. Finally, we compared the temperature and magnetic field dependencies of the magneto-oscillation amplitude with predictions of the interaction correction theory, and found, besides some qualitative similarities, several quantitative and qualitative differences. To explain qualitatively our results, we suggested an empirical model that assumes the existence of easily magnetized triplet scatterers on the Si/SiO2 interface.
This paper describes recent developments in experimental techniques for thermodynamic measurements. Particularly, we focus on the derivatives of the chemical potential with respect to magnetic field and temperature. The former enables to determine the spin magnetization per electron and the latter the entropy per electron. We briefly describe recent results obtained with these techniques and their impact on the current understanding of the still challenging problem of the ground state(s) of strongly correlated two-dimensional electron systems.
Electron spin relaxation in a spin-polarized quantum Hall state is studied. Long spin-relaxation times that are at least an order of magnitude longer than those measured in previous experiments were observed and explained within the spin-exciton relaxation formalism. The absence of any dependence of the spin-relaxation time on the electron temperature and on the spin-exciton density, and a specific dependence on the magnetic field indicate a definite relaxation mechanism—spin-exciton annihilation mediated by spin-orbit coupling and a smooth random potential.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.