Высокодивидендные портфели с фильтрами по финансовым показателям
In this article the authors consider different strategies related to the high-dividend portfolio investing. The paper provides the examination of the theoretical aspects, methodology and the evolution of the formation of high-dividend models. The author studies the range of classic high-dividend portfolios, including a traditional version of the «Dogs of the Dow» strategy, and test it on the Russian stock market (2006-2016). The obtained results confirm the efficiency of this direction of investment. In order to increase the level of returns of high-dividend investing, the authors add into the model two filters on the financial performance P/E and ROA. As shown by calculations, the new model allows to achieve significantly higher results in comparison with the classical version. The following research demonstrates an advantage of the new model in comparison with the returns of the overall market (index strategy “buy and hold”) and in comparison with investing in mutual funds and deposits. The obtained results are meaningful and confirmed by the analysis of the risk and return coefficients, suggesting the possibility of their practical application. The modified model is also able to complement the theoretical concept of high-dividend investment and to eliminate the basic shortcomings inherent in the classical model.
Th e theory of optimal portfolio plays the most important role in the investment management. Th is theory aims at solving the problem of choosing an optimal asset portfolio ratio. In classical investment models it is assumed that the assets included in the portfolio are infi nitely divisible, hence a portfolio is regarded to be well formed if the optimal assets proportions there were found/. Such an approach is acceptable when the share price is low in relation to the volume of investment resources. Otherwise, the solution may be not only nonoptimal, but unacceptable. Th ese circumstances made investors consider not only classical continued portfolio investment models, but also integer analogues. Some of these models are considered in the proposed article.
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In this article the author analyses the characteristics of the economic assets the most suitable for financial bubbles appearance and the preconditions thereof. The best objects for bubble inflation are the investment assets with long life, rare and hard-to-value objects. The development of the bubbles is frequently based on the «new world» paradigm in its different varieties: the technological breakthrough, the development of geographical markets, the financial innovation, etc. The bubbles are promoted by favorable economic environment, new means of communication, social changes leading to the mass entry of new players in the financial markets, soft monetary policy, week investor’s budget constraint, and institutional architecture of financial markets favoring herd behavior.
Investment strategies based on portfolio formation from high dividend stocks are well known in developed markets from the end of the last century. This paper focuses on implementation the most famous Dogs of the Dow and Small Dogs of the Dow strategies in such emerging markets as Russian and Indian
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.