### Article

## Pauli-Zeldovich cancellation of the vacuum divergences, auxiliary fields and supersymmetry

We have considered the Pauli-Zeldovich mechanism for the cancellation of the ultraviolet divergences in vacuum energy. This mechanism arises because bosons and fermions give contributions of the opposite signs. In contrast with the preceding papers devoted to this topic wherein mainly free fields were studied, here we have taken their interactions into account to the lowest order of perturbation theory. We have constructed some simple toy models having particles with spin 0 and spin 1/2, where masses of the particles are equal while the interactions can be quite non-trivial.

https://arxiv.org/abs/1803.11549

I describe a combinatorial construction of the cohomology classes in compactified moduli spaces of curves ZˆI∈H∗(barM_g,n) starting from the following data: an odd derivation I, whose square is non-zero in general, I2≠0, acting on a ℤ/2ℤ-graded associative algebra with odd scalar product. The constructed cocycles were first described in the theorem 2 in the author's paper "Noncommmutative Batalin-Vilkovisky geometry and Matrix integrals". Comptes Rendus Mathematique, 348, pp. 359-362, arXiv:0912.5484 , preprint HAL-00102085 (09/2006). By the theorem 3 from loc.cit. the family of the cohomology classes obtained in the case of the algebra Q(N) and the derivation I=[Λ,⋅] coincided with the generating function of products of ψ−classes. This was the first nontrivial computation of categorical Gromov-Witten invariants of higher genus. The result matched with the mirror symmetry prediction, i.e. with the classical (non-categorical) Gromov-Witten descendent invariants of a point for all genus. As a byproduct of that computation a new combinatorial formula for products of ψ-classes ψi=c1(T∗pi) in the cohomology H∗(barM_g,n) is written out.

The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.

Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.