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Article

Gendered multilingualism in highland Daghestan: story of a loss

Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development. 2019. Vol. 40. No. 2. P. 115-132.
Dobrushina N., Kozhukhar A. A., Moroz G.

The paper traces the level of bilingualism in several highland villages of Daghestan (Northeast Caucasus) through the 20th century. We show that historically, men were more multilingual than women, but this was not true to the same extent for all languages. Highlanders’ repertoires suggest a correlation between the social function of the second language and the degree to which its command was gendered. We also explore the dynamics of multilingualism from the generation born at the end of the 19th century to the generation born in the 1990s. We show that during the 20th century local L2s were gradually displaced by Russian, and Daghestanian multilingualism lost its gendered character. We argue that these changes were caused by the introduction of Soviet schooling.