Здоровье населения и загрязнение окружающей среды: региональные аспекты
The article reviews the normative documents regulating the environmental load in the Russian Federation, provides a summary on the contamination, analyzes the dynamics of pollutant air emissions and cancerous diseases in Russia, identifies populated areas with high and low pollutant air emissions. The study is complete with a regression analysis showing that the increase in sulfur dioxide emissions is an acceptable indicator of the malignant neoplasms risk assessment.
This article is dedicated to the problems of management of knowledge economy development at a regional level. International experience shows us successful examples of development of the economy in specific regions and cities. However, there are cases, which reveal the absence of progress in the development of the knowledge econ-omy. The study that we have conducted shows that measurement of the contribution of the knowledge economy to a region’s key performance indicators is the key problem for regional policy makers. The above indicators in-clude gross regional product, labour productivity, the level of salaries, and unemployment. Apparently, the issue of assessment of the knowledge economy is of a fundamental nature. The goal of our study is to review basic models of knowledge economy development, to analyze their evolution and to reveal the dependency of knowledge economy development on the methods and tools of its assessment.
We study the relationship between income and environmental quality based on modern Russian city-level data. The paper aims at testing whether the environmental Kuznets curve relationship between air pollution and average monthly wages holds in Russian cities and towns. Our preliminary results support the presence of an inverted U-shaped function of wages and reveal significant spatial autocorrelation of air pollution indicators of Russian cities and towns.
In the present paper we consider the infl uence of limited time resources on the planning of territories. By specifi c example of one of the districts of Nizhniy Novgorod region it is shown how the limitations of political and economic factors change the trajectory of territorial development.
In this paper was made a view over existing disadvantages of a legislative fixed regional departmental targeted socio-economical development programs efficiency estimation system, based on indicative indexes. To eliminate identified defects, the authors propose a new approach on an efficiency estimation system of economical segment programs design. An approach is based on principles of government investment efficiency estimation, detailed on certain program arrangements.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.