Здоровье населения и загрязнение окружающей среды: региональные аспекты
The article reviews the normative documents regulating the environmental load in the Russian Federation, provides a summary on the contamination, analyzes the dynamics of pollutant air emissions and cancerous diseases in Russia, identifies populated areas with high and low pollutant air emissions. The study is complete with a regression analysis showing that the increase in sulfur dioxide emissions is an acceptable indicator of the malignant neoplasms risk assessment.
This article is dedicated to the problems of management of knowledge economy development at a regional level. International experience shows us successful examples of development of the economy in specific regions and cities. However, there are cases, which reveal the absence of progress in the development of the knowledge econ-omy. The study that we have conducted shows that measurement of the contribution of the knowledge economy to a region’s key performance indicators is the key problem for regional policy makers. The above indicators in-clude gross regional product, labour productivity, the level of salaries, and unemployment. Apparently, the issue of assessment of the knowledge economy is of a fundamental nature. The goal of our study is to review basic models of knowledge economy development, to analyze their evolution and to reveal the dependency of knowledge economy development on the methods and tools of its assessment.
We study the relationship between income and environmental quality based on modern Russian city-level data. The paper aims at testing whether the environmental Kuznets curve relationship between air pollution and average monthly wages holds in Russian cities and towns. Our preliminary results support the presence of an inverted U-shaped function of wages and reveal significant spatial autocorrelation of air pollution indicators of Russian cities and towns.
In the present paper we consider the infl uence of limited time resources on the planning of territories. By specifi c example of one of the districts of Nizhniy Novgorod region it is shown how the limitations of political and economic factors change the trajectory of territorial development.
In this paper was made a view over existing disadvantages of a legislative fixed regional departmental targeted socio-economical development programs efficiency estimation system, based on indicative indexes. To eliminate identified defects, the authors propose a new approach on an efficiency estimation system of economical segment programs design. An approach is based on principles of government investment efficiency estimation, detailed on certain program arrangements.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.