### ?

## Diffraction as a reason for slowing down light pulses in vacuum

EPL. 2017. Vol. 117. No. 3. P. 64001-p1-64001-p5.

Григорьев Д. А., Винцкевич С. В., Федоров М. В.

The mean velocity of a finite-size short light pulse in a far zone is defined as the

vectorial sum of velocities of all rays forming the pulse. Because of diffraction, the mean pulse

velocity defined in this way is always somewhat smaller than the speed of light. The conditions are

found when this slowing-down effect is sufficiently pronounced to be experimentally measurable.

Under these conditions the original Gaussian shape of a pulse is found to be strongly modified

with significant lengthening of the rear wing of the field envelope. Schemes for measuring these

effects are suggested and discussed.

Abrosimova G., Volkov N., Tran V. T. et al., Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 2020 Vol. 528 P. 119751

Effect of cryogenic treatment on amorphous phase rejuvenation in Al-based alloys was studied by X-ray diffraction,
transmission and high-resolution electron microscopy. It was established that cryogenic cycling may
lead to amorphization of nanocrystalline regions and amorphous phase rejuvenation in partially crystalline
samples. The composition of nanocrystals in the investigated samples differed from that of amorphous phase,
therefore, the process ...

Added: December 24, 2020

Mironchuk B., Abrosimova G., Bozhko S. et al., Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids 2022 Vol. 577 Article 121279

The parameters of shear bands and their relationship with the nanocrystallization process in the Al87Ni8La5
amorphous alloy under deformation were studied by X-ray diffraction, high resolution electron microscopy, and
atomic force microscopy. Deformation of the samples was carried out by room temperature rolling and high
pressure torsion methods. An increase in the deformation level was found to lead ...

Added: January 20, 2022

Винцкевич С. В., Федоров М. В., Laser Physics 2017 Vol. 27 No. 3 P. 036202-1-036202-8

We show that the concept of the Lorentz-invariant mass of groups of particles can be applied
to light pulses consisting of very large but finite numbers of noncollinear photons. Explicit
expressions are found for the invariant mass of this manifold of photons for the case of
diverging Gaussian light pulses propagating in vacuum. As the found invariant mass ...

Added: February 24, 2018

St. Petersburg : IEEE, 2016

Added: March 4, 2017

Hsu C. -., Sevior M. E., Adachi I. et al., Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology 2023 Vol. 107 No. 3 Article 032013

We study the decay B+→K+K−π+ and investigate the angular distribution of K+K− pairs with invariant mass below 1.1 GeV/c2. This region exhibits both a strong enhancement in signal and very large direct CP violation. We construct a coherent sum model for the angular distribution of S- and P-wave, and report the ratio of their amplitudes, the relative phase and the forward-backward asymmetry. We also report ...

Added: December 1, 2023

Belan S., Parfenyev Vladimir, Vergeles Sergey S., Optical Materials Express 2015 Vol. 5 No. 12 P. 2843-2848

We study the plane wave scattering on a planar periodic array of silver dimers. It is found that an appropriately designed array provides the sharp turn of TE-polarized incident beam in orthogonal (opposite) directions through the effects of negative-angle refraction (reflection). ...

Added: October 31, 2017

Ружицкая Д. Д., САМОЙЛЕНКО А. А., Иванов А. Д. et al., Optoelectronics, Instrumentation and Data Processing 2017 Vol. 54 No. 1 P. 1-8

This paper presents an algorithm for processing the transmission spectra of whisperinggallery optical microcavities for use as a nanoparticle detector. The algorithm is based on the broadening of the microcavity resonance curve during precipitation of nanoparticles on the microcavity surface. Experimental results on the detection of particles are compared with Langmuir adsorption theory. The contribution ...

Added: May 25, 2018

Panina I., Balandin S., Tsarev A. et al., International Journal of Molecular Sciences 2023 Vol. 24 No. 2 P. 1

To date, a number of lantibiotics have been shown to use lipid II — a highly conserved peptidoglycan precursor in the cytoplasmic membrane of bacteria — as their molecular target. The α-component (Lchα) of the two-component lantibiotic lichenicidin (Lchα), previously isolated from the Bacillus licheniformis VK21 strain, seems to contain two putative lipid II binding ...

Added: February 21, 2023

Alfimov M., Litvinov A., Journal of High Energy Physics 2022 No. 01 Article 43

We study regularization scheme dependence of beta-function for sigma models with two-dimensional target space. Working within four-loop approximation, we conjecture the scheme in which the beta-function retains only two tensor structures up to certain terms containing zeta_3. Using this scheme, we provide explicit solutions to RG flow equation corresponding to Yang-Baxter- and lambda-deformed SU(2)/U(1) sigma ...

Added: February 1, 2022

M. : Faculty of Physics, MSU, 2017

The Low Temperature Physics Conference is an international event held every three years, under the auspices of the IUPAP through its Commission C5 on Low Temperature Physics. The aim of these conferences is to exchange information and views among the members of the international scientific community in the general field of Low Temperature Physics. It ...

Added: October 1, 2017

Загорский Д. Л., Долуденко И. М., Каневский В. М. et al., Известия РАН. Серия физическая 2021 Т. 85 № 8 С. 1088-1094

FeCo and FeNi alloyed nanowires (NW) were obtained by the matrix synthesis method: the effect of the
growth voltage and the effect of using a reference electrode were studied. It is shown that the composition of
FeNi nanowires strongly depends on the growth potential (with its increase, the bcc structure is changing into
fcc), and it is also ...

Added: November 12, 2021

М. : National Instruments Russia, 2017

Содержание сборника составляют доклады с результатами оригинальных исследований и технических решений, ранее не публиковавшиеся. Мы надеемся, что предлагаемый сборник окажется полезным для специалистов, работающих в различных областях науки и техники, для широкого круга преподавателей, аспирантов и студентов ВУЗов, а также для преподавателей средних школ и технических колледжей. ...

Added: May 10, 2017

Aaij R., Abdelmotteleb A. S., Abellan Beteta C. et al., The European Physical Journal C - Particles and Fields 2023 Vol. 83 Article 543

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1140/epjc/s10052-023-11673-x#Abs1 ...

Added: December 4, 2023

Katushkina O. A., Quemerais E., Izmodenov V.V. et al., JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS 2017 Vol. 122 No. 11 P. 10921-10937

In this work, we present for the first time the Lyman α intensities measured by Voyager 1/UVS in 2003–2014 (at 90–130 AU from the Sun). During this period Voyager 1 measured the Lyman α emission in the outer heliosphere at an almost fixed direction close to the upwind (i.e.“ toward the interstellar flow). The data show an unexpected behavior in 2003–2009: the ...

Added: January 26, 2018

Kuzovnikov M., Antonov Vladimir E., Kulakov V. et al., PHYSICAL REVIEW MATERIALS 2023 Vol. 7 No. 2 Article 024803

Zirconium trihydride and, for comparison, trideuteride with hexagonal close-packed (hcp) metal lattices
were synthesized at a hydrogen/deuterium pressure of 9 GPa and a temperature of 873 K using toroid-type
high-pressure chambers. After a rapid cooling (quenching) to 100 K and lowering the pressure to atmospheric,
the quenched sample was removed from the chamber and studied by hot extraction ...

Added: February 13, 2024

I.A. Cohn, S.V. Zaitsev-Zotov, Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 2023 Vol. 108 No. 11 Article 115124

We demonstrate that magnetoresistance of creeping charge-density waves in the quasi-one-dimensional
conductor o-TaS 3 changes its character from a negative parabolic at T 10 K, where it obeys the 1/T 2 law
to a weakly temperature-dependent negative nearly linear one at lower temperatures. The dominant contribution into the negative parabolic magnetoresistance comes from magnetic field induced ...

Added: October 25, 2023

49606783, Russian Journal of Mathematical Physics 2019 Vol. 26 No. 2 P. 168-173

The parameters of unstable short-living isotopes are studied from
the mathematical point of view. The values of the chemical potential
and activity parameters that determine the neutron halo arising when
the neutron separates from the nucleus of an unstable isotope are
calculated. The analogy between nuclear physics and economics is
considered from the point of view of such parameters as ...

Added: August 25, 2019

Morozov I., Norman G. E., Insepov Z. et al., Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams 2012 Vol. 15 P. 053501

This paper describes the surface environment of the dense plasma arcs that damage rf accelerators, tokamaks, and other high gradient structures. We simulate the dense, nonideal plasma sheath near a metallic surface using molecular dynamics (MD) to evaluate sheaths in the non-Debye region for high density, low temperature plasmas. We use direct two-component MD simulations ...

Added: October 28, 2013

Kolokolov I., Lebedev V., Sizov G. A., Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics 2011 Vol. 140 No. 2 P. 387-400

We analyze magnetic kinematic dynamo in a conducting fluid where the stationary shear flow is accompanied by relatively weak random velocity fluctuations. The diffusionless and diffusion regimes are described. The growth rates of the magnetic field moments are related to the statistical characteristics of the flow describing divergence of the Lagrangian trajectories. The magnetic field ...

Added: February 2, 2017

Aaij R., Abdelmotteleb A. S., Abellán Beteta C. et al., Physical Review Letters 2022 Vol. 129 No. 9 Article 091801

The first study of the angular distribution of μþμ− pairs produced in the forward rapidity region via the Drell-Yan reaction pp → γ=Z þ X → lþl− þ X is presented, using data collected with the LHCb detector at a center-of-mass energy of 13 TeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.1 fb−1. The coefficients ...

Added: December 29, 2022

Orekhov M., Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A 2021 Vol. 95 P. 2059-2064

Molecular dynamic models are created for properties of bivalent ions in organic solvents. It is shown that molecules of the considered solvents bound to ions via oxygen atoms. A theoretical model is developed that describes the ion coordination number. The coordination number in this model is determined by the ratio between the sizes of the ...

Added: October 14, 2021

Kuzmichev S. A., Kuzmicheva T. E., Tchesnokov S. N. et al., Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism 2016 Vol. 29 No. 4 P. 1111-1116

We present temperature dependences of the large and the small superconducting gaps measured directly by SnS-Andreev spectroscopy in various Fe-based superconductors and MgB2. The experimental L,S(T ) are wellfitted with a two-gap model based on Moskalenko and Suhl system of equations (supplemented with a BCS integral renormalization). From the fitting procedure, we estimate the key ...

Added: March 19, 2016

Min Namkung, Younghun K., Scientific Reports 2018 Vol. 8 No. 1 P. 16915-1-16915-18

Sequential state discrimination is a strategy for quantum state discrimination of a sender’s quantum
states when N receivers are separately located. In this report, we propose optical designs that can
perform sequential state discrimination of two coherent states. For this purpose, we consider not
only binary phase-shifting-key (BPSK) signals but also general coherent states, with arbitrary prior
probabilities. Since ...

Added: November 16, 2020

K. I. Kugel, Bianconi A., Poccia N. et al., Superconductor Science and Technology 2015 Vol. 28 No. 2 P. 024005-1-024005-8

The arrested nanoscale phase separation in a two-band Hubbard model for strongly correlated charge carriers is shown to occur in a particular range in the vicinity of the topological Lifshitz transition, where the Fermi energy crosses the bottom of the narrow band and a new sheet of the Fermi surface related to the charge carriers ...

Added: March 12, 2016