Self-dual form of Ruijsenaars–Schneider models and ILW equation with discrete Laplacian
We discuss a self-dual form or the Backlund transformations for the continuous (in time variable) glN Ruijsenaars-Schneider model. It is based on the first order equations in N+M complex variables which include N positions of particles and M dual variables. The latter satisfy equations of motion of the glM Ruijsenaars-Schneider model. In the elliptic case it holds M=N while for the rational and trigonometric models M is not necessarily equal to N. Our consideration is similar to the previously obtained results for the Calogero-Moser models which are recovered in the non-relativistic limit. We also show that the self-dual description of the Ruijsenaars-Schneider models can be derived from complexified intermediate long wave equation with discrete Laplacian be means of the simple pole ansatz likewise the Calogero-Moser models arise from ordinary intermediate long wave and Benjamin-Ono equations.