Митрополит Евгений (Болховитинов) и начало исследования Херсонеса Таврического [Metropolitan Yevgeny (Bolkhovitinov) and the Beginning of Study of Tauric Chersonesos]
METROPOLITAN YEVGENY (BOLKHOVITINOV) AND THE BEGINNING OF STUDY OF TAURIC CHERSONESOS
Angelina A. Zedgenidze
This paper deals with the beginning of study of Chersonesos in the 18th century, namely with the contribution of Metropolitan Yevgeny of Kiev and Galich (Bolkhovitinov, 1767–1837), who was a renowned Orthodox church figure and historian. The scientific significance of Chersonesos lies primarily in the uniquely intact condition (up to the beginning of the 1990s) of its chora. In Chersonesos we can therefore study not only the city, but its chora as well, i.e. study an ancient polis in its integrity. In this sense, Chersonesos serves as an archaeological epitome, a model of a Greek city-state. An important element in the study of chora is mapping its objects. Metropolitan Evgeny is credited with the honour of the frst publication of a large-scale map of Chersonesos and its environs: План развалинам древнего Херсона. Сочинен 1786. This map is a prominent example of scientific documentation; the paper examines its significance for the study of the chora of Chersonesos.