Расчет задачи фильтрации на входе фильтра
Filtration of the suspension in a porous medium with a geometric particle capture mechanism is considered. The porous medium has an initial deposit unevenly distributed across the filter. The nonlinear model of deep bed filtration suggests that the porosity and permeability of the porous medium depend on the deposit. The asymptotics of the movable boundary of the two phases is determined. The asymptotic solution of the problem is constructed and calculated near the filter inlet.
Filtration problems in porous media are important for studying the movement of groundwater in porous formations and the spreading of liquid concrete injected into porous soil. Deep bed filtration of a monodisperse suspension in a homogeneous porous medium with two simultaneously acting particle capture mechanisms is considered. A mathematical model of suspension flow through porous medium with pore blocking by size-exclusion and arched bridging is developed. Exact solutions are obtained on the concentration front and at the porous medium inlet. For the linear filtration function, exact and asymptotic solutions are constructed.
We explain the relation between the weak asymptotics method introduced by the author and V. M. Shelkovich and the classical Maslov-Whitham method for constructing approximate solutions describing the propagation of nonlinear solitary waves.
An example of Schrodinger and Klein-Gordon equations with fast oscillating coefficients is used to show that they can be averaged by an adiabatic approximation based on V.P. Maslov's operator method.
On the basis of full stationary Navier-Stokes and Darcy equations an asymptotic solution of the hydrodynamic calculation of the porous bearing of finite length is presented. On the basis of numerical analysis obtained in the analytical expression for the bearing capacity is established that when the permeability of the porous layer varies according to the same laws that form the lubricating film, the bearing in the bearing capacity possesses the dual action property. The effect of Reynolds number on the main bearing performance is assessed.
Filtering the suspension in porous media is important for long-term assessment of the strength of soil in the construction of underground and hydraulic engineering structures. The geometrical and mechanical model of filtering is considered: solid particles pass freely through the larger pores, and get stuck at the entrance of tiny pores smaller than the diameter of the particles. The asymptotics of the suspended and retained particle concentrations in the suspension is constructed on the assumption of small deposit.
A size-exclusion model of solid particle capture for a flow of suspension in a porous media is considered. For a quasi-linear system of equations for the concentration of suspended and retainrd particles the asymptotic solution is constructed near the filter inlet. For linear filtration coefficient the numerical comparison of the asymptotics and the exact solution is performed.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Let k be a field of characteristic zero, let G be a connected reductive algebraic group over k and let g be its Lie algebra. Let k(G), respectively, k(g), be the field of k- rational functions on G, respectively, g. The conjugation action of G on itself induces the adjoint action of G on g. We investigate the question whether or not the field extensions k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G are purely transcendental. We show that the answer is the same for k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G, and reduce the problem to the case where G is simple. For simple groups we show that the answer is positive if G is split of type A_n or C_n, and negative for groups of other types, except possibly G_2. A key ingredient in the proof of the negative result is a recent formula for the unramified Brauer group of a homogeneous space with connected stabilizers. As a byproduct of our investigation we give an affirmative answer to a question of Grothendieck about the existence of a rational section of the categorical quotient morphism for the conjugating action of G on itself.
Let G be a connected semisimple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field k. In 1965 Steinberg proved that if G is simply connected, then in G there exists a closed irreducible cross-section of the set of closures of regular conjugacy classes. We prove that in arbitrary G such a cross-section exists if and only if the universal covering isogeny Ĝ → G is bijective; this answers Grothendieck's question cited in the epigraph. In particular, for char k = 0, the converse to Steinberg's theorem holds. The existence of a cross-section in G implies, at least for char k = 0, that the algebra k[G]G of class functions on G is generated by rk G elements. We describe, for arbitrary G, a minimal generating set of k[G]G and that of the representation ring of G and answer two Grothendieck's questions on constructing generating sets of k[G]G. We prove the existence of a rational (i.e., local) section of the quotient morphism for arbitrary G and the existence of a rational cross-section in G (for char k = 0, this has been proved earlier); this answers the other question cited in the epigraph. We also prove that the existence of a rational section is equivalent to the existence of a rational W-equivariant map T- - - >G/T where T is a maximal torus of G and W the Weyl group.