Адаптивная процедура вычисления двукратных интегралов
We construct asymptotic solutions to the wave equation with velocity rapidly oscillating a smoothly varying background and with localized initial perturbations. First, using adiabatic approximation in the operator form, we perform homogenization that leads to a linearized Boussinesq-type equation with smooth coefficients and weak “anomalous” dispersion. Then, asymptotic solutions to this and, as a consequence, to the original equations are constructed by means of a modified Maslov canonical operator; for initial perturbations of special form, these solutions are expressed in terms of combinations of products of the Airy functions of a complex argument. On the basis of explicit formulas obtained, we analyze the effect of fast oscillations of the velocity on the solution fronts and solution profiles near the front.
The system of equations of gravity surface waves is considered in the case where the basin's bottom is given by a rapidly oscillating function against a background of slow variations of the bottom. Under the assumption that the lengths of the waves under study are greater than the characteristic length of the basin bottom's oscillations but can be much less than the characteristic dimensions of the domain where these waves propagate, the adiabatic approximation is used to pass to a reduced homogenized equation of wave equation type or to the linearized Boussinesq equation with dispersion that is “anomalous” in the theory of surface waves (equations of wave equation type with added fourth derivatives).The rapidly varying solutions of the reduced equation can be found (and they were also found in the authors' works) by asymptotic methods, for example, by the WKB method, and in the case of focal points, by the Maslov canonical operator and its generalizations.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability
Existing approaches suggest that IT strategy should be a reflection of business strategy. However, actually organisations do not often follow business strategy even if it is formally declared. In these conditions, IT strategy can be viewed not as a plan, but as an organisational shared view on the role of information systems. This approach generally reflects only a top-down perspective of IT strategy. So, it can be supplemented by a strategic behaviour pattern (i.e., more or less standard response to a changes that is formed as result of previous experience) to implement bottom-up approach. Two components that can help to establish effective reaction regarding new initiatives in IT are proposed here: model of IT-related decision making, and efficiency measurement metric to estimate maturity of business processes and appropriate IT. Usage of proposed tools is demonstrated in practical cases.