Protection System Against Products Counterfeit Based on NFC and Barcode Technologies
The objective of this report is to provide a protective system architecture and analysis for NFC and Barcode technology that can be use to empower consumer in the fight against counterfeiting and IPR infringing products using mobile devices. This report focuses on the technology that can empower the consumer in the field in the presence of the goods itself by using technical tools and devices, which are easily available. The report identifies the main immediate empowerring tool for consumers. This is represented by a modern smartphone (or similar device like a tablet) to be use as a tool to empower the consumer in the fight against counterfeiting. The modern smartphone is equipped with a high resolution camera, support for different standards for wireless connectivity, a powerful processor able to support the implementation of sophisticated algorithms and support for NFC and Barcode readers. In addition, the smartphone can be integrated and augmented with a wide range of plug-in devices and tools (e.g., an USB microscope). The concept of empowering the consumer can be an important element to support Due Diligence practices and Supply Chain Integrity because the different categories of consumer can authenticate the goods in different parts of the supply chain and report the presence of non-compliances (e.g., counterfeit products).
The unprecedented proliferation of smart devices together with novel communication, computing, and control technologies have paved the way for A-IoT. This development involves new categories of capable devices, such as high-end wearables, smart vehicles, and consumer drones aiming to enable efficient and collaborative utilization within the smart city paradigm. While massive deployments of these objects may enrich people's lives, unauthorized access to said equipment is potentially dangerous. Hence, highly secure human authentication mechanisms have to be designed. At the same time, human beings desire comfortable interaction with the devices they own on a daily basis, thus demanding authentication procedures to be seamless and user-friendly, mindful of contemporary urban dynamics. In response to these unique challenges, this work advocates for the adoption of multi-factor authentication for A-IoT, such that multiple heterogeneous methods - both well established and emerging - are combined intelligently to grant or deny access reliably. We thus discuss the pros and cons of various solutions as well as introduce tools to combine the authentication factors, with an emphasis on challenging smart city environments. We finally outline the open questions to shape future research efforts in this emerging field.
This book constitutes the refereed post-conference proceedings of the 29th International Workshop on Combinatorial Algorithms, IWOCA 2018, held in Singapore, Singapore, in July 2018. The 31 regular papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 69 submissions. They cover diverse areas of combinatorical algorithms, complexity theory, graph theory and combinatorics, combinatorial optimization, cryptography and information security, algorithms on strings and graphs, graph drawing and labelling, computational algebra and geometry, computational biology, probabilistic and randomised algorithms, algorithms for big data analytics, and new paradigms of computation.
The paper describes a federated identity management infrastructure based on eduroam. This technology enables secure authentication using single netid for network and resources access in eduroam federation. Major protocols and technologies for transparent user authentication are covered. A way of authorization, based on membership in institutional groups and individual user membership is proposed. For user authentication a service provider sends an authentication request contained the encrypted user name and password to user's institute RADIUS server (identity provider). Identity provider is determined by the domain user name/ The authentication request is passed through th eduroam hierarchy of proxy RADIUS servers. If the service provider provides special access for a certain group of users, it also sends a request to group identity RADIUS-server. A request passes through a hierarchy of group RADIUS servers for group membership checking. Eduroam federation and group RADIUS servers hierarchies are based on the domain name system. The implementation of these mechanisms requires a slight modification of service provider RADIUS server for group support and do not require changes of the identity provider and eduroam federations RADIUS servers. Group support is fully compatible with the existing eduroam infrastucture, the both types of RADIUS servers with and without group support can operate simultaneously
This article analyzes the possible applications of the system provide automated access to electricity in public places “Public socket”, identifies the technical requirements for this kind of systems, assesses the volumes of market segments, analyzes competing technologies and generates recommendations to promote this product to market.
Research area is automated systems to provide users with access to electricity in public places, including for charging mobile devices.
The paper provides an overview and analysis of existing authentication methods in wireless body area networks (WBAN). The novel Bodycom technology is presented. We give a detailed comparative analysis showing advantages and disadvantages of each approach and propose the most appropriate authentication technology.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.