Protection System Against Products Counterfeit Based on NFC and Barcode Technologies
The objective of this report is to provide a protective system architecture and analysis for NFC and Barcode technology that can be use to empower consumer in the fight against counterfeiting and IPR infringing products using mobile devices. This report focuses on the technology that can empower the consumer in the field in the presence of the goods itself by using technical tools and devices, which are easily available. The report identifies the main immediate empowerring tool for consumers. This is represented by a modern smartphone (or similar device like a tablet) to be use as a tool to empower the consumer in the fight against counterfeiting. The modern smartphone is equipped with a high resolution camera, support for different standards for wireless connectivity, a powerful processor able to support the implementation of sophisticated algorithms and support for NFC and Barcode readers. In addition, the smartphone can be integrated and augmented with a wide range of plug-in devices and tools (e.g., an USB microscope). The concept of empowering the consumer can be an important element to support Due Diligence practices and Supply Chain Integrity because the different categories of consumer can authenticate the goods in different parts of the supply chain and report the presence of non-compliances (e.g., counterfeit products).
This book constitutes the refereed post-conference proceedings of the 29th International Workshop on Combinatorial Algorithms, IWOCA 2018, held in Singapore, Singapore, in July 2018. The 31 regular papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 69 submissions. They cover diverse areas of combinatorical algorithms, complexity theory, graph theory and combinatorics, combinatorial optimization, cryptography and information security, algorithms on strings and graphs, graph drawing and labelling, computational algebra and geometry, computational biology, probabilistic and randomised algorithms, algorithms for big data analytics, and new paradigms of computation.
The article is devoted to identity federations of the research and educational networks. Research and educational networks contain a lot of informational and computing resources. These resources are in a dif-ferent organizational, administrative and public supervision. Scientific resources require authentication, for example, to monitor compliance with intellectual property rights, the definition of user rights, etc. Authorization methods with user authentication by his institution are commonly used. Identity federation is a group of institutions had an agreements on mutual access to their resources, developed a common policy and user identity framework, and implemented them on the organizational and technical level. Identity federation have operational team, steering group and user support service. Due to diversity and international level of the research identity federations cooperates to interfederation. The article describes eduroam and eduGAIN identity federations, based on different authentication technologies. Joint Supercomputer Center of Russian Academy of Sciences (JSCC RAS) is participant of the above projects. JSCC RAS works on creation of identity federation in the Russian research and education community and supports coop-eration with European projects. JSCC supports Eduroam in Russia that is open for participation of any research and education institution.
The paper describes a federated identity management infrastructure based on eduroam. This technology enables secure authentication using single netid for network and resources access in eduroam federation. Major protocols and technologies for transparent user authentication are covered. A way of authorization, based on membership in institutional groups and individual user membership is proposed. For user authentication a service provider sends an authentication request contained the encrypted user name and password to user's institute RADIUS server (identity provider). Identity provider is determined by the domain user name/ The authentication request is passed through th eduroam hierarchy of proxy RADIUS servers. If the service provider provides special access for a certain group of users, it also sends a request to group identity RADIUS-server. A request passes through a hierarchy of group RADIUS servers for group membership checking. Eduroam federation and group RADIUS servers hierarchies are based on the domain name system. The implementation of these mechanisms requires a slight modification of service provider RADIUS server for group support and do not require changes of the identity provider and eduroam federations RADIUS servers. Group support is fully compatible with the existing eduroam infrastucture, the both types of RADIUS servers with and without group support can operate simultaneously
This article analyzes the possible applications of the system provide automated access to electricity in public places “Public socket”, identifies the technical requirements for this kind of systems, assesses the volumes of market segments, analyzes competing technologies and generates recommendations to promote this product to market.
Research area is automated systems to provide users with access to electricity in public places, including for charging mobile devices.
The paper provides an overview and analysis of existing authentication methods in wireless body area networks (WBAN). The novel Bodycom technology is presented. We give a detailed comparative analysis showing advantages and disadvantages of each approach and propose the most appropriate authentication technology.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.