Меры государственного регулирования деятельности территорий особого статуса как инструмент развития оптических производств
This article is devoted to the study of measures of state regulation of the activities of special status territories as a tool for the development of optical industries. Legislative measures, measures of taxation and investment policy were considered. It is established which legislative acts affect the development of optical industries, what tax privileges are accompanied by their functioning. Also, the relationship between benefits and the level of spending on research and development is revealed, which makes it possible to assert that tax preferences secured by the legal status of special economic zones contribute to an increase in the costs of R & D, which in turn allows the products in the special economic zones to have more competitive advantages in the market. In addition, it was suggested that the list of listed measures is not a complete set of measures to regulate the activities of special status areas, since, in our view, it is necessary to launch mechanisms of indirect impact, namely, the regulation of demand in the region for manufactured optical products production of special economic zones, to regulate the output of similar products in the region in order to increase the sales of SEZ goods or give residents of the SEZ and optical enterprises in h the state order.