The article reveals the issues of advocate’s activity in criminal procedure; considers the basic ethic problems — accept of assignment, alternative defense, conflicts defense. The article analyses the provisions of the Code of Professional Ethics, opinions of some researchers, provisions of legislation; the article also touches upon the issues of general ethics.
The difficulties of enforcing foreign judgments in different countries are well-known and present an important concern for foreign companies and investors doing business on the territory of another country. The establishment of a new level of relationship among countries all over the world including the development of economic (commercial) and cultural liaisons can be considered as one of the priorities of foreign policy. This paper analyzes the current legislation of different countries, judicial decisions on recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments as well as writings of scholars on the existing obstacles and problems. Today, legal disputes involve aspects of private international law to a greater extent than ever. It has become a matter of great importance that the delays involved to enforce a judgment rendered abroad shall not be greater than those expected in purely domestic litigation. The idea is gaining ground that one who seeks justice shall not be denied an effective remedy merely because their adversary's property or the adversary them self are out of the jurisdiction of the adjudicating court. Much thought has been given to this problem of recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments by the legislature of the Russian Federation, the United States of America and the European Union, and this paper uses the law of each as a case study.
Adversary proceedings are impossible without precise observation of their regalement by all participants of judicial proceeding. The obligation to maintain order in judicial proceeding is laid upon the chairman. No abidance by the advocate to decisions and instructions of the chairman is a violation of requirements of the Criminal Procedure Code of the RF.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/