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  • О некоторых особенностях российской рецепции философии Мартина Хайдеггера в связи с дискуссией вокруг «Черных тетрадей»

Article

О некоторых особенностях российской рецепции философии Мартина Хайдеггера в связи с дискуссией вокруг «Черных тетрадей»

There are contradictory estimations of M. Heidegger’s philosophy and ideology in different schools of his interpreters that include particular national traditions as well. The fact is that authentic national tradition of translation, studying and considering Heidegger’s ideas has occurred today in Russia. Heidegger belongs to the western thinkers who deeply influenced modern philosophical situation in Russia. Nevertheless there is no general picture of perception and critique of Heidegger’s philosophy in the Russian philosophical space. Last two years saw another flare-up in the ongoing controversy regarding the philosopher Martin Heidegger who was also implicated in National Socialism in 1932-34 but later tried to distance himself from its ideology and develop the critique of modernity. The latest revelations have emerged from his «Black Notebooks» which were a philosophical diary written between 1931 until the 1970s, whose publication was authorised by Heidegger only after the appearance of all his other works. The topic of the research proposal is the Russian reception of Heidegger’s critique of the technological revolution and National Socialism movement as a climax of modernity. It also covers its impact on later-Soviet and post-Soviet Russian thought, using as example Vladimir Bibikhin, Arseniy Gulyga, Nelli Motroshilova and the ongoing discussion about the “Black Notebooks” and the political dimension in Heidegger’s thought. The paper investigates how the astounding success of this alleged critique of modernity in Russia can be explained as an analysis of totalitarianism (National Socialism and Communism). At its core, the paper thus addresses the question how Heidegger’s account of totalitarianism as an expression of modernity has shaped the account of the “the political”. The project will also reassure the integrality of philosophy and socially and politically relevant beliefs that stem from philosopher’s own personal take on the world.