The commemoration chancery: New Evidence about a Little-Known Institution in 17th-Century Muscovy – Панихидный приказ
In the early modern period, when the flow of information increased with the development of printing and the appearance of the first periodicals (newspapers, news digests, published several times a year, etc.), the problem of selecting information became important. The authors of the article, addressing the history of the first French periodical, the yearbook “Mercure François” (1611–1648), try to analyze the information presented there about the events of the Time of Troubles in the Moscow State and to identify sources of information and the technique of its treatment. It is possible to trace the involvement of the publisher of the “Mercure François” — Jean Richer, a Catholic royalist who had once fled from Paris during the dominance of the Catholic League (1588–1594) — in the network of information created by a circle of similar authors (Jacques Margeret, Jacques-Auguste de Thou, Jean de La Blanc, etc.), concerned about the successes of the Habsburgs and their ultra-Catholic supporters. News about Russia are submitted to the public so as to contribute to the political consolidation of anti-Habsburg forces in Europe.
The article made the analysis of the financial capacity of the Moscow state in the XVI - XVII centuries. Subjected to a critical analysis of these narrative sources, upon which, as a rule, researchers make judgments about the size of the state budget of Russia in XVI - XVII centuries. According to the author, the conclusions of Fletcher and Kotoshikhin too optimistic and overestimate the size of monetary receipts in the state budget. During the considered period, the volume of financial receipts into the Treasury was changed proportionally to the change in the population of the country.
In article on the basis of a wide range of sources, the reconstruction of the status of the state budget of the Moscow tsardom at the end of the reign of Mikhail Fedorovich Romanov. The author analyzes the main sources of replenishment of the state Treasury. Financial records of Central government departments suggests that during this period the annual flow of money into the Treasury did not exceed 1 million rubles. This amount is enough to supply the basic needs of the state, but it was not enough in terms of wars or tensions in international relations.
Jn the basis of a large historical material the history of everylay life of Russian Tsars from the House of Romanov is stated.