In the paper the author presents the comparative analysis of legal status of the subsidiary bodies providing activity of the head of state in the USA and France, defines the features of realization of competence of these structures, points out the directions of evolution of competence and problems existing in the field.
The article deals with the legal and actual status and powers of the President of France within its Republic History as the object of research. The appeal to the history of presidency and experience of its constitutional and legal regulation in the French Republic as the research subject seems to be logical due to complex of facts. Development of the theory of separation of powers in the country had a great influence on the constitutional practice and a state system in other European countries. On the way of transformation from parliamentary in hybrid, both parliamentary and presidential system, France initially was guided by the extremely complex challenge consisting in creating by the constitutional means "the strong power" headed by the President of the country as the "authoritative arbitrator" maintaining national interests in any circumstances at preservation of the principle of separation and balance of the powers, democracy, the rights and personal freedoms.