Технологические дорожные карты: использование в инновационной деятельности крупных компаний
The article analyses the technology roadmaps tool (TRM) used by foreign organizations, as well as by large Russian state-owned companies. The research describes the features of the TRM implementation in Russian companies preventing the effective use of the tool. Two priority areas for the roadmaps are identified. They are related to implementation of the current innovation strategy and development of innovative culture. Each priority area is suggested to model a separate process of roadmap development, to determine their parameters, and to approve company’s internal routines.
The study studies the role of investment processes in regional innovation development. The analysis of regional investment processes allows to identify main trends and to evaluate possibilities of investing in development of innovation environment. The researchers propose to expand possibilities of investment activities in regional development. The researchers substantiated the correlation between investment policy and innovational regional development. The results of the survey proved the possibility of practical use of indicators of investment policy’s efficiency when developing directions of regional innovation development.
This monograph focuses on the nature of factors and mechanisms of the innovation processes in the Regional innovation systems with catch-up type of economy. The monograph shows that the further development of cooperation of innovation entities and the development of technological entrepreneurship in the regions of Russia is impossible without a planned and systematic processes of regionalization of the innovation business ecosystem.
The monograph substantiates that the state-owned private Regional Center for Incubation and Acceleration and the multifunctional state Single Regional Investment Fund should become the basis for the development of the ecosystem of innovative entrepreneurship in the region of the country.
The monograph is intended for researchers, graduate students, students specializing in the field of innovation management, as well as managers and decision makers who are responsible for the development of regional innovation systems.
The article demonstrates the possibility of search roadmaps by analyzing the links between key parameters of the long-term development of the socio-economic, scientific-technological and innovation spheres.
In recent decades, the attention of researchers and policymakers has turned to state-owned enterprises (SOEs), in particular the role they play in science, technology and innovation and the methods they use to implement innovation strategies. In this paper, we look at Russian state-owned companies and their development plans, as well as the management tools they employ to forecast and prioritize technologies. Although most Russian SOEs rarely implement corporate foresight and technology roadmapping, certain successful cases are presented and discussed in the paper. Based on these case studies, we suggest a common structure of a technology roadmap that is suitable for SOEs.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.