Architecture of Sovereignty: Bosnian Constitutional Crisis and the Sarajevo Town Hall
This paper addresses the processes by which the international community intervened and participated in the defining of Bosnian identity and the corresponding constitutional framework, as well as the continuous paradoxical tension between the ethnic local and claims to universalism of supranational legal norms. In particular, the 1995 Constitution and the architecture of its sovereignty have been contested through provisions of the European Convention of Human Rights. The analysis is further supported by the discussion of the architectonic structure of the Town Hall/National Library in Sarajevo that has had an important constitutional role since the collapse of the Ottoman period. The paper thus focuses on two sites for construction/deconstruction of Bosnian sovereignty: the constitutional framework and the more concretely visible architectural symbol of the Town Hall/National Library. This importance of a visual and spatial approach to Bosnian realities is carried further by the 1993 ‘Eulogy’ that Jean-Luc Nancy wrote for Sarajevo, as a site of the Mêlée.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Article contains analysis of the decisions of the European Court of Human Rights on freedom of expression, in which the Court had to balance public interest against the protection of commercial structures from unfair competition or injury to their business reputation.
The article analyses interpretation of the articles of the European Convention on Human rights and Fundamental Freedoms, which guarantee the right to private and family life, to marry, to access court and to be free from arbitrary detention in the context of formal equality and non-discrimination for the persons with mental disabilities. The author argues that the judges of international courts interpret human rights language not literally, but broadly, pragmatically – involving comparative legal studies, judicial practice of different states, fact analysis for the better protection of fundamental rights of the applicants, thus employing compensatory possibilities of law for the equalization of the possibilities to access the rights for the persons, belonging to disadvantages groups.
This publications consists of the papers prepared on the basis on the reports made at the international scientific conference "Serching for a balance between private and public interests in decisions of the international and national courts".
The purpose of the paper is to explore the underappreciated value of Paul Ricoeur's insights into architecture and urbanism.
This monograph is dedicated to both theoretical and practical problems of joint application of International Humanitarian Law and International Human Rights Law norms in armed conflicts. Special emphasis is made on the contradictions between norms of both branches of International Law in the sphere of protection of right to life and right to liberty. Conclusions made by the author are based on the analysis of norms of International Law, practice of their application by international organizations and states, decisions of the International Court of Justice, The UN Human Rights Committee, The European Court of Human Rights, The Inter-American Commission and Court of Human Rights, The African Commission on Human' and Peoples' Rights, international and mixed criminal courts and tribunals, as well as legal literature.
The article explores the projects of northern towns with artificial micro-climate created by architects from the Leningrad branch of the Soviet Academy of construction and Architecture in the 1960s. The analysis of discussions among Leningrad architects about the necessity to change living conditions for the population on arctic settlements reveals broader issues of social changes during the Thaw period, when the topic of everyday environment of the population and plans of its ‘rational’ reorganization had come to the fore in many research fields, including Soviet architecture.
Textbook "Introduction to the basics of the art of ancient Greece" helps to form the main idea of the periods and stylistic features of ancient Greek art, show and explain the most important laws of artistic processes in the culture of ancient Greece, as well as to identify the relationship between the formal-shaped structure of the work and the priority value orientations created its culture. A summary of the main stages of Ancient Greek art is accompanied by a representative of extortion illustrations (more than 1900 images), allowing you to acquaint the reader with the paramount ideas about the historical development of the art of ancient Greece, to identify the stylistic features of the main types of ancient Greek art, as well as to reveal and explain the most important laws of artistic processes in culture of ancient Greece. The purpose of this guide - to teach students to work with information, primarily visual, to help develop the ability to determine the stylistic features of each of the sites studied stages of ancient Greek art. The manual is intended for students - art historians, students of the history and culture of the ancient world and a wide range of readers
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/