Sparse Approach to Image Ringing Detection and Suppression
In this work we discuss methods for image ringing detection and suppression that are based on the sparse representations approach and suggest a new ringing suppression method. The ringing detection algorithm is based on construction of the synthetic dictionary that is used to represent ringing effect as a sum of blurred edge and pure ringing component. This decomposition enables us to estimate image ringing level. We analyze two ringing suppression methods. First method is based on learning joint dictionaries and shows good performance for the whole image on average. However for high ringing levels the performance of this method decreases due to the influence of the ringing artefact on the sparse representation parameters. The second method is based on separate learning of natural images dictionary and pure ringing dictionary and it does not suffer from this problem. In this article we present a new ringing suppression method that is based on the method using separate dictionaries. The method works best in the areas of edges and for higher levels of ringing effect.
The problem of non-reference ringing detection is considered. The idea of the proposed method is to decompose the input edges into the sums of blurred edge, ringing oscillations and the residual using sparse representation approach with the pre-generated dictionary. Edges with ringing effect are modeled by applying ideal low-pass filter to the step edge with different cut-off frequencies. Then they are separated into edge and ringing components by subtracting the ideal step edge blurred with Gaussian filter. The shifted and rotated blur and ringing components form the dictionary used for sparse representation. The presented method performs well on images with ringing from different source types and is robust for the images with noise.
The article refers to the problem of ringing artifact suppression. The ringing effect is caused by high-frequency information corruption or loss, it appears as waves or oscillations near strong edges. We propose a novel method for ringing artifact suppression after Fourier cut-off filtering. It can be also used for image deringing in the case of image resampling and other applications where the frequency loss can be estimated. The method is based on the joint sparse coding approach. The proposed method preserves more small image details than the state-of-the-art algorithms based on total variation minimization, and outperforms them in terms of image quality metrics.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability
The geographic information system (GIS) is based on the first and only Russian Imperial Census of 1897 and the First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union of 1926. The GIS features vector data (shapefiles) of allprovinces of the two states. For the 1897 census, there is information about linguistic, religious, and social estate groups. The part based on the 1926 census features nationality. Both shapefiles include information on gender, rural and urban population. The GIS allows for producing any necessary maps for individual studies of the period which require the administrative boundaries and demographic information.
Existing approaches suggest that IT strategy should be a reflection of business strategy. However, actually organisations do not often follow business strategy even if it is formally declared. In these conditions, IT strategy can be viewed not as a plan, but as an organisational shared view on the role of information systems. This approach generally reflects only a top-down perspective of IT strategy. So, it can be supplemented by a strategic behaviour pattern (i.e., more or less standard response to a changes that is formed as result of previous experience) to implement bottom-up approach. Two components that can help to establish effective reaction regarding new initiatives in IT are proposed here: model of IT-related decision making, and efficiency measurement metric to estimate maturity of business processes and appropriate IT. Usage of proposed tools is demonstrated in practical cases.