Robert Argenbright 2016: Moscow under Construction. City Building, Place-Based Protest, and Civil Society . Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.
Review on: The Europeanized Elite in Russia, 1762–1825: Public Role and Subjective Self. Edited by Andreas Schönle, Andrei Zorin, and Alexei Evstratov. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 2016.
“Russia-EU Relations and the Common Neighbourhood: Coercion vs. Authority” by Irina Busygina is an exceptional study despite the fact that the author herself claims it to be “yet another book” on the relations between Russia and the European Union (EU). Not only is it acute and timely, for it thoroughly depicts how the relationship between the two entities has rapidly slipped into a severe conflict since March 2014. It also traces how this long-lasting rivalry has been steadily unwrapping in the countries belonging to the Common Neighbourhood (CN), with a rather unconventional case study of Turkey included into the analysis alongside with the more expected cases of Belarus, Georgia and Ukraine.
The exceptionality of the book however has less to do with what is being studied (in this sense, it is “yet another book”, indeed), it is much more about how the EU-Russia relations are approached theoretically. Busygina herself states that this book is, first and foremost, about power and power types present in the international arena and between different states and non-state actors, while the relations between the EU and its Eastern neighbour in the CN serve as a unique case to test the proposed framework. In fact, studying the power types practiced by Brussels and Moscow with regard to each other and the countries lying in between, allows the author to actually look beyond the instances of these power relations and to grasp their roots in the domestic political arrangements of the Russian state and the EU’s institutional environment.
This is a review of the two-volume edition of nearly 450 Sargonic administrative texts from Adab that belong to the Cornell collection of cuneiform documents.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
The article is devoted to the study of the authoritarianism prevalent in the mass consciousness of Russians. The article describes a new approach to the consideration of the authoritarian syndrome as the effects of the cultural trauma as a result of political and socio-cultural transformation of society. The article shows the dynamics of the symptoms of the authoritarianism, which appear in the mass consciousness of Russians from 1993 to 2011. This paper proposes a package of measures aimed at reducing the level of the authoritarianism in Russian society.
This work looks at a model of spatial election competition with two candidates who can spend effort in order to increase their popularity through advertisement. It is shown that under certain condition the political programs of the candidates will be different. The work derives the comparative statics of equilibrium policy platform and campaign spending with respect the distribution of voter policy preferences and the proportionality of the electoral system. In particular, it is whown that the equilibrium does not exist if the policy preferences are distributed over too narrow an interval.
The article examines "regulatory requirements" as a subject of state control over business in Russia. The author deliberately does not use the term "the rule of law". The article states that a set of requirements for business is wider than the legislative regulation.
First, the article analyzes the regulatory nature of the requirements, especially in the technical field. The requirements are considered in relation to the rule of law. The article explores approaches to the definition of regulatory requirements in Russian legal science. The author analyzes legislation definitions for a set of requirements for business. The author concludes that regulatory requirements are not always identical to the rule of law. Regulatory requirements are a set of obligatory requirements for entrepreneurs’ economic activity. Validation failure leads to negative consequences.
Second, the article analyzes the problems of the regulatory requirements in practice. Lack of information about the requirements, their irrelevance and inconsistency are problems of the regulatory requirements in Russia.
Many requirements regulating economic activity are not compatible with the current development level of science and technology. The problems are analyzed on the basis of the Russian judicial practice and annual monitoring reports by Higher School of Economics.
Finally, the author provides an approach to the possible solution of the regulatory requirements’ problem. The author proposes to create a nationwide Internet portal about regulatory requirements. The portal should contain full information about all regulatory requirements. The author recommends extending moratorium on the use of the requirements adopted by the bodies and organizations of the former USSR government.