[Рец. на] Kessel, G., Pinggéra, K., A bibliography of Syriac ascetic and mystical literature. Leuven-Paris-Walpole, MA: Peeters, 2011. - (Eastern Christian studies, 11) - ISBN 978-90-429-2457-4 - 224 p. // Вестник ПСТГУ (Серия "Богословие. Философия") 42:4 (2012), С. 123-124.
Thematic volume of the Gosudarstvo, religija, cerkov' v Rossii i za rubezhom (2/33, 2015) entitled “Hristianskij Vostok: gosudarstva i mezhkonfessional'nye svjazi” [Christian Orient: The States and Interconfessional Relations]; edited by Dr. N. Seleznyov.
The article deals with the Messalian movement and its infl uence on three confl icts in the Greek Christian milieu of the IV–V centuries AD. The fi rst confl ict took place in Cappadocia where imperial politics in Church matters put bishop Basil in opposition to his old friend ascetic Eustathios of Sebaste. Both advocated a special type of asceticism close to the ‘Messalian’ one. The ascetics thus nicknamed appeared by the same time in Cappadocia but in the relations of the two churchmen there was no discussion of the ‘Messalian heresy’ and Basil’s type of monastic life was rather ‘Messalian’. The second confl ict arose around John Chrysostom whose background was defi nitely Syriac. His asceticism developed under the guidance of a Syrian monk Julian Sabba, who was at the same time the teacher of Adelphius, the presumed founder of the ‘heresy’. The antipathy towards the archbishop in the capital was partly due to his unusual asceticism of the same ‘Messalian’ type. For the third confl ict around Alexander the Akoiemetos in Constantinople an important testimony is the mention of an unnamed heresy in the Dialogue by deacon Palladius. Tillemont has noted once that the heresy should be clearly the ‘Messalianism’ and there is a proof of it in the treatise by Nilus of Ancyra ‘Ad Magnam’. The main charge against John, Alexander and Adelphius was irregular ascetic behaviour. The analysis of two main lists of the heretical opinions (by Epiphanius and by Theodoretus) shows that none of these was shared by the accused. Thus the opinion of Kmosko, Fitschen and Caner about the falsifi ed nature of the accusation against ‘Messalians’ gets confi rmed. The real cause of the appearance of the ‘Messalian heresy’ lies in the cultural and behavioral confl ict of the two approaches to asceticism: Greek and Syriac.
This volume contains the first editions of a number of works of Syrian authors (in Syriac and Arabic) including two excerpts from John bar Penkaye’s "Ktaba de-resh melle", an excerpt from "The Blessed Compendium" of Jirjis al-Makin ibn al-Amid, an excerpt from the "Kitab al-Majdal", and hymns from the "Warda" collection, as well as a publication of a series of Coptic prayers for travellers. It also contains a discussion of the letters of Nicetas Stethatos available only in Georgian. Other contributions deal with the hagiography (Byzantine, Old Russian, and Syrian, with a special attention to the so-called “verbal hagiography” which is an intermediary field between the written hagiography and the folklore) and the patrology (with a special attention to philosophical problems of Byzantine patristics). Some detailed book reviews discuss, among others, various problems of the late Byzantine and the 19th- and 20th-century Ethiopian and Russian theology.
The author presents a study of The Letter to Abbas Simeon, a well-known pseudepigraph included in the collection of ascetical works of Isaac the Syrian (7th century). The work proves to be The Letter to Patrikios by the West Syrian writer Philoxenos of Mabbog. Manuscript tradition of the interpolation and probable reasons for the false attribution are discussed. The latter were probably connected with the controversy over «Messalianism».
The acme of the Arabic science and philosophy that is usually associated with the Abbasid times and Bet al-hikmah in Bagdad actually began long before, in the 6th c. with the great achievement of the Syriac science. The protagonist of that philosophical and medical movement was the chief medic of the city of Resh-‘ayna in Syria Sergius. Not only he translated a great deal of Greek medical and philosophical literature, but also he was adapting a sublime Neoplatonic theology to the Syriac language and culture. Theological profile of Sergius is of particular importance as he analyzed asceticism in his treatise ‘On spiritual Life’ under medical angle. In the article Sergius’medical approach is compared with his ascetical teaching. In making ascetical teaching closer to the medical care and medical science.
The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.