“These stones shall be for a memorial”: A discussion of the abolition of circumcision in the Kitāb al-Maǧdal
The present article provides an interesting example of how Christian discussions of the abolition of circumcision – originally developed as part of the process of Christian emancipation from the Old Testament law – became revitalized in Christian-Muslim polemic in the medieval Middle East. The chapter on the abolition of circumcision from the comprehensive ‘Nestorian’ encyclopedic work of the mid-10th–early 11th century entitled Kitāb al-Maǧdal (‘The Tower’) is edited and translated in full. The edition of the Arabic text is based on two manuscripts: Paris, BnF Ar. 190 and Cambridge University Library Add. 3163 (=3293).
This article explores one of the new forms of the organization of the speech stream, generated by Internet as sphere of speech communication. Investigating the political polemic on the Internet, the article gives a brief description of basic properties of the Internet polylogue.
In Old Russian hymns one sporadically observes the letter Э, incorporated in the text of a hymn. The author argues that this letter refl ects some Hebrew phrases referring to the name of God: he establishes connections between the hymnographic Э and some specifi c hebraisms in the Russian Old Testament manuscripts. The article deals both with the origin of the letter Э and its subsequent evolution.
The paper is dedicated to Hebrew phrases referring to God found in some Russian codices of the Pentateuch of the XV-XVII centuries. The author examines the origin of this phenomenon.
At the end of the homily IX In Hexaemeron St. Basil the Great promises to continue his Genesis exegesis with an account of man’s creation (Hex. 9. 6. 90−91: ἐν τίνι μὲν οὖν ἔχει τὸ κατ' εἰκόνα Θεοῦ ὁ ἄνθρωπος, καὶ πῶς μεταλαμβάνει τοῦ καθ' ὁμοίωσιν). However, he never got to it (the two homilies De hominis opificio were probably written by another person). Nevertheless, a close analysis of the homily In illud: attende tibi ipsi shows that in his account of man’s creation Basil’s is very much endebted to the Alexandrian tradition which adjusted Plato’s Timaeus to the interpretation of the biblical text. A special attention will be paid to the term ζῷον θεόπλαστον.
The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.