Political Science, International Relations and Area Studies emerged in the Russian University system as independent and rapidly developing educational and research disciplines. However, recognition of their importance beyond the professional community remains far from universal. Therefore, Russian Universities are struggling to create training programmes, aimed to prepare specialists capable of dealing with various urgent issues of domestic politics and foreign policy. This task presumes careful study of rising challenges in the global system as well as advantages and shortcomings of the existing educational model in Russia. The current article seeks to identify major conditions, determining future prospects of teaching in international politics. The author claims that in recent decades three major transformations appear as crucial. First, the rise of New Modernity reflected the growing nonlinearity in societies. Second, political orders experience a continuous reshuffling after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Third, major centers of economic production are transferring to Asia. Russian tradition of Political thought opens wide opportunities for understanding these shifts. However, the professional community has to adapt to the new conditions and, first and foremost,cope with the existing gap between University studies and practice. This requires provdingstudents with methodological and other tools to conduct professional expertise of complex strategic interactions. The current reform of methodological organization of the educational process enables to solve this problem systematically through a specialized institution – federal University associations for educational methodology. In accordance with the reform, the renewed FUAEM incorporates separate, but interrelated disciplines – Political Science, International Relations and Area Studies. Bringing them together within a single institution does not presume their unification, but rather amobilization of intellectual and organizational resources.
The article was devoted the analysis adaptation strategies of the Roman Catholic and Russian Orthodox Churches to the new social and political conditions in the last decades. The author comes to the conclusion that Russian Orthodox Church chooses strategy of conservation to the new social and political conditions and Roman Catholic Church makes decision to follow democratic adaptation strategies.
The article was devoted the analysis relations thinkers of Catholicism and Orthodoxy to democratic values. The author analyzed texts of religious thinkers about democracy, liberty and law. Investigator came to the conclusion that catholic thinkers have good relations to democratic oriented values but orthodox thinkers have negative relations to democratic oriented values.
The article presents an analysis of the studies of the elite phenomenon in contemporary foreign and domestic political science. The subject of investigation - the evolution steel elitological studies, its agenda, methodological approaches, thematic specialization. On the basis of an array of publications, the author concludes that elitology in the moment is one of the most advanced sub-disciplines of domestic political science. The most significant results were obtained in studies of the regional elite, top-level management of the bureaucracy, in the political-psychological study of power groups. Autor identifies the following areas: political-psychological, political, sociological, comparative, study of intra-relationships.
The evolution of Thomas Hobbes’ political thought in the 1630s–1640s was marked by a considerable increase in an interest in the problems of the relations between politics and religion, and the state and the Church. This interest was expressed in his creation of the original conception of political theology, of which the most complete exposition is contained in his treatise Leviathan. In his concept of political theology, Hobbes saw an effective way to solve the theologico-political problem of modernity. At the heart of his political theology lays a new interpretation given by Hobbes to a number of doctrinal propositions of the Christian faith, which was designed to harmonize it with the absolute power of the temporal sovereign. Particular attention is paid to the consideration of those pragmatic strategies where Hobbes proposed to neutralize the explosive potential of the Christian religion for civil peace and the security of the state. It is also shown that the complete subordination of the Church to the State in the political theology of Hobbes served as a starting point for the important stage of the process of secularization of the Western world, which led to the separation of politics from religion, and the state from the Church.
The article was devoting a problem of research causation between stateness and political regime. The author worked within the structuralism approach and using econometric tools. He educed that political regime is determined of stateness.