Homo oeconomicus и Homo postoeconomicus
The article discusses life strategies and practices of specific groups of the Russian population, labeled as "dysfunctional family". The authors identify a number of risky factors (socio-economic, criminal) that adversely affects reproductive functions of the family and prevent the formation of family life strategies. It is stressed that the dysfunctional family (especially in the Russian provinces) has a very narrow range of possibilities for survival in the risk society, which is modern Russia. Conclusion regarding the basic strategy of living of the population of the Russian hinterland and, particularly, disadvantaged families, not rainbow: children by all means send to study or work in the capital or at the regional centers and to "live and die".
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.