Homo oeconomicus и Homo postoeconomicus
The study investigates the proposed approach for behavior modeling on the base of Bayesian belief networks that allows predicting behavior characteristics using small and incomplete data from surveys about behavior episodes. We explored the prediction quality of the models in case of rare behavior. The test dataset was automatically generated and included 24465 cases. During the experiment, we considered cases with different rates to compare prediction quality. Our findings suggest that the model had a good prediction quality especially for rare and frequent behaviors (about 92% accuracy) and lower measures for medium-rate behaviors (about 86% accuracy).
The article discusses life strategies and practices of specific groups of the Russian population, labeled as "dysfunctional family". The authors identify a number of risky factors (socio-economic, criminal) that adversely affects reproductive functions of the family and prevent the formation of family life strategies. It is stressed that the dysfunctional family (especially in the Russian provinces) has a very narrow range of possibilities for survival in the risk society, which is modern Russia. Conclusion regarding the basic strategy of living of the population of the Russian hinterland and, particularly, disadvantaged families, not rainbow: children by all means send to study or work in the capital or at the regional centers and to "live and die".
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.