Некоторые правовые аспекты использования Смарт-контрактов и Блокчейн-технологий по российскому праву
This paper is focused on the analysis of certain legal issues, associated with the implementation of blockchain technologiesand smart contracts. Specifically, it addresses the possibility of qualification of blockchain records as electronic documents; applicability of electronic signature legislation to transactions performed in the blockchain, as well as certain issues associated with qualification of blockchains and smart contract codes as computer programmes and liability for the quality of such code. Special attention is given to the definition of ‘smart contract’ and possibility of its qualification as civil law agreement. The paper also covers certain questions about using blockchain data as evidence in litigation. It includes the analysis of possible legitimising grounds for personal data processing in blockchains and compliance with data localisation requirements since blockchain data may be considered as personal data in some cases.
In the article the questions the legal classification of contracts based on electronic documents (EDI), especially online transactions as contracts, agreements, obligations and specific form, signed with the use of web resources, as well as analyze the form of contracts, the moments of their conclusion, the occurrence of the obligations under conclusion of the contract online, the place and role of an electronic document, electronic signature at the conclusion of agreements in the global network. An important role played by the preparation, processing and transmission of electronic documents, his receipt and storage.
In the article the concept of the electronic document to the Russian legislation, describing the legal status of an electronic document that specifies the location of the electronic document in proof system of criminal and civil procedure, the range of problems in terms of raising the evidentiary value of electronic documents and on the basis of existing international agreements and practical experience in the U.S. this area, offers ways of improving legislation to overcome this legal conflict.
The dg.o conference is the flagship conference of the Digital Government Society (DGS), and has positioned itself to be a top-ranking conference in this interdisciplinary academic field. It brings high quality research contributions and plays a major role in the advancement of knowledge in the field of digital government. The continue growing number of scholars and the growing number of members will continue to reinforce the position of DGS as a research and practice platform where researchers and practitioners can meet, exchange ideas, and build new relationships.
The article analyses the existing legal regulation of the problem of defi nition of concepts of “electronic document” and “electronic message”, correlation of these concepts and also the problem of authenticity and feasibility of electronic document as a means of evidence in civil and arbitrazh proceedings.
A model of electronic document based on ontology approach is described. A variety of problems, which include traditional tasks as well as data domain analysis, can be solved with this model.
To serve target customers better than their competitors, supply chain management (SCM) teams today look into new technologies such as Big Data, Internet of Things (IoT) and Blockchain. These new technologies allow managers to develop and provide complex supply chain services and products faster with improved reliabilities. With these technologies, SCM teams can build complex models of a supply chain or systems of supply chains using a data-driven approach. With the growth of aviation domain across the world, there has been increasing demand in aircraft for airlines and other customers. In this domain, SCM teams deal with complex networked supply chains for aircraft’s spare part purchase and delivery for aircraft’s maintenance and repair. Aircraft’s spare parts are shipped to single assembly hubs, located globally. All parts come with certain life expectancy, specific requirements and maintenance attributes. With thousands of spare parts, hundreds of parameters, and number of manufactures distributed globally, SCM team need to deal with very large amount of data. In this paper, we use an industrial scenario of aviation industry SCM to demonstrate the necessity of having decentralized system based on distributed data-driven application technologies such as Blockchain, not only to assist in maintaining inventory of the aircraft’s parts but also to monitor the performance, usage, etc. This will help to achieve a transparent network of supply chain for aircraft’s parts and reduce the risk of availability of aircraft’s parts in black market. These new data-driven technologies when embedded into SCM scenarios will help the SCM managers to analyse the supply, demands, source of availability of spare parts and provide methods to procure them from the right sources.
In the conditions of accelerated globalization and high speed of technological progress, it becomes vitally important for investors, banks and other participants of the financial market to use innovations in their kind of activity to increase profits. Otherwise, they can be defeated before their competitors. In view of the above situation, the author decided to carry out a research paper on the topic "Bitcoin as a breakthrough innovation of the 21st century". The article is devoted to the study of the Crypto-currency as a derivative of the technology from the "Blochane" innovation. The main objective of the study is to define the investment appeal of the crypto currency both in general and in particular - Bitcoin. The subject of the study is Bitcoin, and the object of research is the technology of P2P data exchange. The main method of studying Bitcoin is the historical analysis, on the basis of which the cause-effect relationships affecting the Bitcoin exchange rate to the dollar were searched. Also, a quantum-economic analysis was made showing the state of the subject of research to date. Moreover, it was presented a comparison of the fiat currencies and the first crypto currency. The author also analyzed the dynamics of changes in the level of interest of the population in crypto currency Bitcoin and the dynamics of the change in the rate of Bitcoin to the dollar. Based on the analysis done, the author came to a number of conclusions, the main ones of which are: Bitcoin is a test model of a new concept of electronic money transfer; In the near future it is necessary to expect the emergence of national crypto-currencies; The potential of technology "Blokchayne" can radically change the accounting and tax reporting of legal entities.