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  • Некоторые правовые аспекты использования Смарт-контрактов и Блокчейн-технологий по российскому праву

Article

Некоторые правовые аспекты использования Смарт-контрактов и Блокчейн-технологий по российскому праву

Закон. 2017. Т. 5. № 5. С. 94-117.

This paper is focused on the analysis of certain legal issues, associated with the implementation of blockchain technologiesand smart contracts. Specifically, it addresses the possibility of qualification of blockchain records as electronic documents; applicability of electronic signature legislation to transactions performed in the blockchain, as well as certain issues associated with qualification of blockchains and smart contract codes as computer programmes and liability for the quality of such code. Special attention is given to the definition of ‘smart contract’ and possibility of its qualification as civil law agreement. The paper also covers certain questions about using blockchain data as evidence in litigation. It includes the analysis of possible legitimising grounds for personal data processing in blockchains and compliance with data localisation requirements since blockchain data may be considered as personal data in some cases.