A Model of Two-Velocity Particles Transport in a Porous Medium
A one-dimensional flow of suspension with two types of solid particles moving with different velocities in a porous medium is considered. A mathematical model of deep bed filtration which generalizes the known equations of mass balance and particle capture kinetics for a flow of fluid with identical particles is developed. The exact solution is evaluated at the filter inlet and on the concentration front of fast suspended and retained particles, asymptotic solutions are provided in certain vicinities of these lines. A global asymptotic solution to the problem with a small limit deposit is constructed. The asymptotics rapidly converges to the numerical solution.
A mathematical model of particle motion in the filter based on mechanical-geometrical interaction of particles with a porous medium is considered. Near the wave front an asymptotic solution of a quasi-linear system of partial differential equations for suspended and deposited particle concentrations is constructed. For a linear filtration coefficient asymptotics is compared with the exact solution.
In this study we investigate the successive approximation procedure allowed us to derive new equation, valid for the transport of dissolved matter in porous media, or in random force fields, on the macroscopic scale. To do this the diagram technique was exploited.
In this study we investigate impurity dynamics in media with random characteristics for different physical assumptions. We first discuss possible models for diffusion in porous media on the small scale. Then we describe some random processes, which are able to represent the disorder in such a medium. After that, we recall the definition of a derivative of fractional order, and some basic properties, which will be useful here. In addition, we discuss the problems of solution existence for a special type of equations.
Long-term deep bed filtration in porous media with size exclusion particle capture mechanism is studied. For mono dispersed suspension and transport in porous media whit distributed pore sizes, the micro stochastic model allows for upscaling and the exact solution is derived for the obtained macro scale equation system. Results show that transient pore size distribution and nonlinear relation between the filtration coefficient and captured particle concentration during suspension filtration and retention are the main features of long-term deep bed filtration, which generalises the classical deep bed filtration model and its latter modifications. Furthermore, the exact solution demonstrates earlier breakthrough and lower breakthrough concentration for larger particles. Among all the pores with different sizes, the ones with intermediate sizes (between the minimum pore size and the particle size) vanish first. Total concentration of all the pores smaller than the particles turns to zero asymptotically when time tends to infinity, which corresponds to complete plugging of smaller pores.
Full papers (articles) of 2nd Stochastic Modeling Techniques and Data Analysis (SMTDA-2012) International Conference are represented in the proceedings. This conference took place from 5 June by 8 June 2012 in Chania, Crete, Greece.
Let k be a field of characteristic zero, let G be a connected reductive algebraic group over k and let g be its Lie algebra. Let k(G), respectively, k(g), be the field of k- rational functions on G, respectively, g. The conjugation action of G on itself induces the adjoint action of G on g. We investigate the question whether or not the field extensions k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G are purely transcendental. We show that the answer is the same for k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G, and reduce the problem to the case where G is simple. For simple groups we show that the answer is positive if G is split of type A_n or C_n, and negative for groups of other types, except possibly G_2. A key ingredient in the proof of the negative result is a recent formula for the unramified Brauer group of a homogeneous space with connected stabilizers. As a byproduct of our investigation we give an affirmative answer to a question of Grothendieck about the existence of a rational section of the categorical quotient morphism for the conjugating action of G on itself.
This proceedings publication is a compilation of selected contributions from the “Third International Conference on the Dynamics of Information Systems” which took place at the University of Florida, Gainesville, February 16–18, 2011. The purpose of this conference was to bring together scientists and engineers from industry, government, and academia in order to exchange new discoveries and results in a broad range of topics relevant to the theory and practice of dynamics of information systems. Dynamics of Information Systems: Mathematical Foundation presents state-of-the art research and is intended for graduate students and researchers interested in some of the most recent discoveries in information theory and dynamical systems. Scientists in other disciplines may also benefit from the applications of new developments to their own area of study.
Let G be a connected semisimple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field k. In 1965 Steinberg proved that if G is simply connected, then in G there exists a closed irreducible cross-section of the set of closures of regular conjugacy classes. We prove that in arbitrary G such a cross-section exists if and only if the universal covering isogeny Ĝ → G is bijective; this answers Grothendieck's question cited in the epigraph. In particular, for char k = 0, the converse to Steinberg's theorem holds. The existence of a cross-section in G implies, at least for char k = 0, that the algebra k[G]G of class functions on G is generated by rk G elements. We describe, for arbitrary G, a minimal generating set of k[G]G and that of the representation ring of G and answer two Grothendieck's questions on constructing generating sets of k[G]G. We prove the existence of a rational (i.e., local) section of the quotient morphism for arbitrary G and the existence of a rational cross-section in G (for char k = 0, this has been proved earlier); this answers the other question cited in the epigraph. We also prove that the existence of a rational section is equivalent to the existence of a rational W-equivariant map T- - - >G/T where T is a maximal torus of G and W the Weyl group.