Изменение Южнокорейских Инвестиционных паттернов
The paper explores the evolution of trade and economic relations between Russia and Myanmar in 1948-2018. The author compares the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of Myanmar cooperation with China, India and Russia, highlighting their features and prospects. Summarizing the results, the author states that, despite the currently modest volumes of trade and investment, the potential for developing foreign economic relations between Russia and Myanmar is very high. However, Myanmar is an important link in the regional strategies of China and India, which also belong to the BRICS and the SCO. Therefore, it is impossible for Russia to build its political and economic ties with Myanmar without taking these aspects of regional relations into account.
This paper attempts to examine the effects of Political Risk (PR) and Democracy on Japanese outward Foregn Direct Investment (FDI) activities. Our theoretical model suggests an overall inverted U-shape response of FDI flows to PR and Democracy levels. To test the theoretical hypotheses we estimate a linear dynamic panel-data model using data from 56 developed and developing countries for the period 1995-2010. We find that an improvement in PR and Democracy promotes Japanese FDI to developing countries, and slightly discourages Japanese FDI to developed countries.
This book contains a unique collection of studies on key economic and social policy challenges faced by countries of the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean region in a short- and long-term perspective. Prepared within the EU funded FP7 project on „Prospective Analysis for the Mediterranean Region (MEDPRO)” conducted in 2010-2013 it takes account on recent political developments in the region (Arab Spring) and their potential consequences. It covers a broad spectrum of topics such as factors of economic growth, macroeconomic and fiscal stability, trade and investment, Euro-Mediterranean and intra-regional economic integration, private sector development and privatizations, infrastructure, tourism, agriculture, financial sector development, poverty and inequality, education, labor market and gender issues.
This paper analyses the development patterns for the foreign-owned enterprises in countries with an unstable economy. The object of research refers on enterprises in foreign (FO), joint (JO) and Russian (RO) ownership producing cars and auto components in the territory of the Russian Federation. The research is based on the application of method of regression analysis of panel data for analysing the financial performance of the enterprises. We have identified that foreign-owned enterprises react more sharply on crises and changes in exchange rates. The depreciation of the ruble has a particularly negative impact on the profitability of foreign-owned enterprises. The crisis periods have a strong negative impact on the revenue of enterprises by all forms of ownership.
We examine the role of exchange rate (ER) and political environment (PE) alterations in determining Japanese Multinational Companies’ (MNCs) investment decisions. First, we present a model where MNCs make an investment decision under uncertainty. Second, we employ a panel data analysis of 56 developed and developing countries for the period of 1995–2012 (country and industry level). The main findings show that MNCs are less likely to tolerate exchange rate risk and political risk in developing countries. However, they may tolerate these risks in developed countries if the level of initial stability is far enough than their essential need. Results of the cross-effect analysis imply a complementarity of these risks. The impact of ER expectation remained ambiguous. Various interpretations and mechanisms are discussed.
Currently the role of the country in the international arena is basically determined by its economic and political "weight" among the leaders. A comparison of major economic indicators in Brazil, Russia, India, China and South - Africa and other countries is considered. It is noted that the BRICS countries can be an important element in the system of global management, especially in the financial and economic sphere. The BRICS has attracted considerable attention as an alliance that has unusual geographical and functional parameters. This fact allows attributing it to the new format of communication between countries. Belonging to the new markets, the BRICS countries are playing a significant role in contemporary International relations and are active participants in a globalization of the world economy.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.