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## The Spatial Statistical Properties of Wave Functions in a Disordered Finite One-Dimensional Sample

For a given wave function one can define a quantity μ*E* having the meaning of its inverse spatial size. The Laplace transform of the distribution function *P*(μ*E*) is calculated analytically for a 1D disordered sample with a finite length *L*.

start from the derivation of the Abrikosov-Ryzhkin model for the 1D random potential problem. In its framework I find closed functional representations for various physical quantities. The representation uses number-valued fields only. These functional integrals are calculated exactly without the use of any perturbative expansions. Expressions for the multipoint densities correlators are obtained. These correlators allow to compute the distribution function of inverse sizes of localized wave functions valid both for an infinite sample and for a sample with a finite length.

A number of problems in statistical physics can be reformulated in terms of a two-state system evolving in a random field. The corresponding evolution operator can be written in the form of time-ordered operator exponential. Functional formalism allows us to rewrite the latter as a product of usual matrix exponentials using a nonlinear change of functional integration variables. In this review I present this formalism applied to two physical systems the quantum Heisenberg magnet and one-dimensional quantum mechanics in a spatially random potential. First, I derive a representation of the partition function of a quantum Heisenberg ferromagnet as a functional integral over number valued fields (a real one and a complex one) free of constraints. The fields of integration as functions of time obey initial conditions instead of the usual periodic boundary conditions. This is a manifestation of the finite-dimensionality of the space of spin states. In the subsequent sections I study the one-dimensional localization problem. The change of functional integration variables gives simultaneously explicit expressions for the averaging weight and for the Green function of the stationary Schrödinger equation. It allows to compute density correlators of arbitrary orders. The generalization to the case of different energy correlators (Berezinskii-Gor’kov equations) is considered too. In the present review such technical points as regularizations of functional integrals and transformations are discussed in more details than in the original papers.

The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.

Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.

Let k be a field of characteristic zero, let G be a connected reductive algebraic group over k and let g be its Lie algebra. Let k(G), respectively, k(g), be the field of k- rational functions on G, respectively, g. The conjugation action of G on itself induces the adjoint action of G on g. We investigate the question whether or not the field extensions k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G are purely transcendental. We show that the answer is the same for k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G, and reduce the problem to the case where G is simple. For simple groups we show that the answer is positive if G is split of type A_n or C_n, and negative for groups of other types, except possibly G_2. A key ingredient in the proof of the negative result is a recent formula for the unramified Brauer group of a homogeneous space with connected stabilizers. As a byproduct of our investigation we give an affirmative answer to a question of Grothendieck about the existence of a rational section of the categorical quotient morphism for the conjugating action of G on itself.

Let G be a connected semisimple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field k. In 1965 Steinberg proved that if G is simply connected, then in G there exists a closed irreducible cross-section of the set of closures of regular conjugacy classes. We prove that in arbitrary G such a cross-section exists if and only if the universal covering isogeny Ĝ → G is bijective; this answers Grothendieck's question cited in the epigraph. In particular, for char k = 0, the converse to Steinberg's theorem holds. The existence of a cross-section in G implies, at least for char k = 0, that the algebra k[G]G of class functions on G is generated by rk G elements. We describe, for arbitrary G, a minimal generating set of k[G]G and that of the representation ring of G and answer two Grothendieck's questions on constructing generating sets of k[G]G. We prove the existence of a rational (i.e., local) section of the quotient morphism for arbitrary G and the existence of a rational cross-section in G (for char k = 0, this has been proved earlier); this answers the other question cited in the epigraph. We also prove that the existence of a rational section is equivalent to the existence of a rational W-equivariant map T- - - >G/T where T is a maximal torus of G and W the Weyl group.