Современные подходы к определению профессиональной квалификации преподавателя иностранного языка
The article attempts to reveal the components of the language teacher professional competence. For this purpose international competency matrices and national standards are analysed, some competency indicators given in these matrices are outlined. It is concluded that the current approaches to professional qualification assessment need to be reconsidered, and a uniform model of language teacher competence validation is to be created.
In recent years, CBE (Competence-Based Education) has been introduced at all levels of education in Russia, which has brought to the forefront the necessity to change approaches to assessment. Now that the new requirements are put forward, teachers need to modify their classroom assessment practices. However, courses on assessment have not traditionally been on the curriculum in teacher-training institutions in Russia, and teachers tend to develop their assessment skills on the job and more often than not habitually focus on assessing knowledge rather than competence-based learning outcomes, often displaying unconscious incompetence in the area of assessment. With a view to bridge this gap, a bespoke professional development course aimed at improving the assessment competence of English-language teachers in tertiary institutions in Russia has been designed and piloted.
The main hypothesis is that a major improvement in planning and assessing students’ learning outcomes in the context of competence-based education can be achieved if the teachers are provided with an opportunity to immerse in practical activities to expose them to modern assessment practices, such as assessment for learning and assessment as learning, with the aim to foster teachers’ student-centred attitudes in assessment thus providing conditions for implementing a shift in the set of educational values. The professional development course aims at creating favourable conditions for teachers to interiorize new student-centred values in assessment and providing them with an opportunity to engage in project work to practice modern approaches to and methods of assessment, which includes formulating intended learning outcomes with Bloom’s active verbs, designing tasks aimed at building specific students’ competences, developing and employing criterion-based scoring scales for assessment as well as giving and receiving feedback to and from students.
The analysis of the results displayed by the course participants amounting to above two hundred proved that project work as well as continuous pedagogical reflection ensures building conscious competence in assessment among approximately two-thirds of the course participants, thus substantiating the correctness of the approach in professional development aimed at creating conditions intended to instil new educational values, which leads to employing proper assessment tools in teaching practices. Further research will concentrate on how successful the building of conscious competence in assessment is in terms of whether the participants join the professional development course out of their own accord, thus demonstrating conscious incompetence, or they have been sent to the course by the university management.
The article deals with the possibility of introducing a competency model in the personnel management system of bank. Identified advantages of its use in each area of personnel management system. Described the most important banking expertise which used in largest banks of Russia. Presented the results of research expression of employees competence of regional divisions of banks in the Altai Territory.
The article describes the essence of innovation activity of banking staff, analyzed the possibility of incentives innovation activity of banking staff through the use of the grading system, model of competence, premium for rationalization decision, recognition subsystem in the system of internal communications.
The article deals with the possibility of introducing a competency model in the system of remuneration of bank staff. Identified advantages of its use in personnel management system. Described the most important banking expertise. Presented the results of study of expression of competence of employees of a commercial bank, Barnaul, Altai Territory.
The paper is aimed at forming of the theoretical basis to research organizational abilities and competencies. Fundamental concepts of these phenomena's perception are analyzed, both sources of forming and main characteristics of organizational competences are identified. The attention is paid to dynamic abilities as fundamental for modern organization. Based on the analysis, the structural model of organizational abilities and competenvies is developed.
Technical competencies and specific engineering skills alone are not sufficient in the modern labor market but employers expect engineers to actively promote the products they create. Engineers often perceive their skills differently than employers do. Insufficient university training in a number of fields including the development of social, management and communication skills leads to an objective and understandable gap between the perceived and the required levels of such competencies. Based on the results of a survey of 3158 engineers conducted in 2011 in the Russian Federation, the study shows a number of deficits in the perception of innovation skills and the respective demand for these.