Admission of transgender sportswomen to participate in women's competitions allows them to exercise their rights, but in so doing can discriminate against female athletes by birth. This ethical and legal dilemma is trying to resolve international sports organizations. The key act creating the legal basis for a decision on the admission of a particular athlete to the women's competition is the Stockholm Consensus on Sex Reassignment in Sports dated October 28, 2003. He was offered several criteria for admission: completed surgical anatomical changes, the implementation of the legal procedure for an official sex change, and the conduct of fairly long hormonal therapy. Subsequently, these criteria were supplemented by a hormone test, which is currently the determining one.
The monography is the first serious attempt of scientific substantiation of the place of sports law in the system of modern Russian law.
Conducted modern research has come mainly from the recognition of sports law as an integrated legal industry.
The author stresses that such approach to the legal regulation of sports relations is not improving the effectiveness of sports legislation. This publication justifies the independence of the sports law industry and determines the main issues of its subject, method, system, principles, sources, legal relations.
For bachelors, masters, graduate students, teachers of law schools, scientists, lawyers of sports federations, leagues and sport clubs.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/