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## Pancake-like and tablet-like distribution functions of energetic electrons in the middle magnetosphere

Annales Geophysicae. 2017. Vol. 35. No. 1. P. 133–138.

We propose a simple explanation of the prolonged existence of pancake-like electron velocity distributions inthe radiation belts. The pancake-like distribution function is characterized by a longitudinal particle velocity (along themagnetic field) of the order of the thermal velocity of the background plasma. The parameters of the tablet-like distribution function with a characteristic longitudinal particle velocity of the order of 20 Alfvèn velocities are refined. Such distribution functions can occur in the middle magnetosphere near the magnetic equator with appropriate sources of energetic particles. The stability of these distributions is examined. The results agree with known experimental data.

Bespalov P. A., Savina O. N., Annales Geophysicae 2018 Vol. 36 No. 5 P. 1201–1206

A beam pulsed amplifier mechanism responsible for effective amplification of short very low
frequency (VLF) electromagnetic pulses is proposed. Effective amplification near the magnetic
equator outside the plasmasphere is considered. A conditional growth rate of short electromagnetic
pulses is calculated. Obtained results can explain some important features of the oblique
electromagnetic chorus emissions without hiss-like radiation background. ...

Added: October 19, 2018

P.A. Bespalov, Misonova V. G., O.N. Savina, Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 2016 Vol. 147 P. 148–155

We propose a 3D model of small-scale density cavities stimulated by an auroral field-aligned current and an oscillating field-aligned current of kinetic Alfvén waves. It is shown that when the field-aligned current increases so that the electron drift velocity exceeds a value of the order of the electron thermal velocity, the plasma becomes unstable to ...

Added: September 14, 2016

D.R. Shklyar, JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS 2017 Vol. 122 P. 640–655

We study the problem of energy exchange between waves and particles, which leads to energization of the latter, in an unstable plasma typical of the radiation belts. The ongoing Van Allen Probes space mission brought this problem among the most discussed in space physics. A free energy which is present in an unstable plasma provides ...

Added: November 26, 2017

Choi B. H., Min B. I., Pelinovsky E. et al., Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences 2012 Vol. 12 P. 1463–1467

Data from a field survey of the 2011 Tohoku-oki tsunami in the Sanriku area of Japan is used to plot the distribution function of runup heights along the coast. It is shown that the distribution function can be approximated by a theoretical log-normal curve. The characteristics of the distribution functions of the 2011 event are ...

Added: May 17, 2012

Bondarenko G.G., Kristya V. I., Vacuum 1999 Vol. 53 P. 25–27

A one-dimensional model kinetic equation for the energy distribution function of heavy ions in the cathode sheath of gas mixture glow dischargees is siggested. ...

Added: November 15, 2013

Manninen J., Kleimenova N. G., Fedorenko Y. V. et al., Annales Geophysicae 2014 Vol. 32 No. 9 P. 1163–1167

Simultaneous records of VLF (very low frequencies) emissions have been carried out at two ground-based stations located at similar geomagnetic latitudes near L ~ 5.5 and spaced in the longitude by ~ 400 km, Kannuslehto (KAN) in Finland and Lovozero (LOZ) in Russia, using quite similar VLF receivers with two calibrated orthogonal air-core loop antennas. ...

Added: November 6, 2015

Bespalov P. A., Savina O. N., Misonova V., Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 2018 Vol. 175 P. 40–48

Trans-ionospheric propagation of the VLF electromagnetic wave from an altitude of 800 km to the Earth's surface is considered using the model of stratified media. The numerical solution of the wave equations for the mid-latitude ionosphere model conditions is found. The wave field in the lower ionosphere is calculated using the full-wave approach. The wave ...

Added: June 19, 2018

P.A. Bespalov, Savina O. N., Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 2019 Vol. 185 P. 58–67

Some aspects of the theory of generation of magnetospheric chorus are discussed. An original approach to solving the problem of oblique chorus generation near the Gendrin angle is outlined and partially realized within the framework of a beam pulsed amplifier mechanism. Parameters of the resonance electron beam in the chorus excitation region are determined theoretically. ...

Added: April 11, 2019

D.R. Shklyar, Balikhin M. A., JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-SPACE PHYSICS 2017 Vol. 122 P. 10072–10083

Equatorial noise in the frequency range below the lower hybrid resonance frequency, whose structure is shaped by high proton cyclotron harmonics, has been observed by the Cluster spacecraft. We develop a model of this wave phenomenon which assumes (as, in general, has been suggested long ago) that the observed spectrum is excited due to loss ...

Added: November 24, 2017

Slunyaev A., Кокорина А. В., Water Waves, Springer 2019 P. 1–20

The issue of accounting of the wave breaking phenomenon in direct numerical simulations of oceanic waves is discussed. It is emphasized that this problem is crucial for the deterministic description of waves, and also for the dynamical calculation of extreme wave statistical characteristics, such as rogue wave height probability, asymmetry, etc. The conditions for accurate ...

Added: October 13, 2019

Marshakov A., Миронов А. Д., Морозов А. Ю., Journal of Geometry and Physics 2011 Vol. 61 P. 1203–1222

We present a summary of current knowledge about the AGT relations for conformal blocks with additional insertion of the simplest degenerate operator, and a special choice of the corresponding intermediate dimension, when the conformal blocks satisfy hypergeometric-type differential equations in position of the degenerate operator. A special attention is devoted to representation of conformal block ...

Added: February 28, 2013

Prazdnichnykh A., Glazov M., Ren L. et al., Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 2021 Vol. 103 No. 8 P. 085302-1–085302-12

The exciton valley dynamics in van der Waals heterostructures with transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers is driven by the long-range exchange interaction between the electron and the hole in the exciton. It couples the states active in the opposite circular polarizations resulting in the longitudinal-transverse splitting of excitons propagating in the monolayer plane. Here we study ...

Added: March 5, 2021

Andrew G. Semenov, Zaikin A., Physical Review B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics 2013 Vol. 88 No. 5 P. 054505-1–054505-10

We investigate the effect of interacting quantum phase slips on persistent current and its fluctuations in ultrathin superconducting nanowires and nanorings pierced by the external magnetic flux. We derive the effective action for these systems and map the original problem onto an effective sine-Gordon theory on torus. We evaluate both the flux dependent persistent current ...

Added: February 9, 2015

Окубо Ю. undefined., Journal of Physics: Conference Series 2017 Vol. 804 No. 012036 P. 1–8

We investigate the existence and the orthogonality of the generalized Jack symmetric functions which play an important role in the AGT relations. We show their orthogonality by deforming them to the generalized Macdonald symmetric functions. ...

Added: October 26, 2017

Pelinovsky E., Didenkulova I., Rybkin A., Journal of Fluid Mechanics 2014 Vol. 748 P. 416–432

We present an exact analytical solution of the nonlinear shallow water theory for wave run-up in inclined channels of arbitrary cross-section, which generalizes previous studies on wave run-up for a plane beach and channels of parabolic cross-section. The solution is found using a hodograph-type transform, which extends the well-known Carrier–Greenspan transform for wave run-up on ...

Added: November 19, 2014

Pelinovsky E., Kurkin A. A., Kozelkov A. et al., European Journal of Mechanics - B/Fluids 2018 Vol. 72 P. 616–623

The paper presents results of numerical simulations of freely rising solid spheres in a viscous fluid. The
diameter of spheres was 5 mm, 7 mm, 10 mm, and 20 mm, and the corresponding Reynolds numbers
varies in the interval 1400 < Re < 10100. It has been found that the free rise path varies, as the
Galileo number ...

Added: October 21, 2018

М.: ИКИ РАН, 2011

Added: March 26, 2013

Akhmedov E., Musaev E. T., Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology 2010 Vol. 81 P. 085010

We show that Polchinski equations in the D-dimensional matrix scalar field theory can be reduced at large N to the Hamiltonian equations in a (D+1)-dimensional theory. In the subsector of the Trϕl (for all l) operators we find the exact form of the corresponding Hamiltonian. The relation to the holographic renormalization group is discussed. ...

Added: February 27, 2013

Musaev E., Berman D. S., Thompson D. C., Journal of High Energy Physics 2012 Vol. 1210

The reduction of the duality invariant approach to M-theory by a U-duality group valued
Scherk-Schwarz twist is considered. We show that all gaugings of SUGRA can be obtained
by dimensional reduction of the extended space. ...

Added: October 20, 2014

Semenov-Tian-Shansky K. M., Поляков М. В., Смирнов А. О. et al., Теоретическая и математическая физика 2019 Т. 200 № 2 С. 290–309

Leading logarithms in massless nonrenormalizable effective field theories can be computed using nonlinear
recurrence relations. These recurrence relations follow from the fundamental requirements of unitarity,
analyticity, and crossing symmetry of scattering amplitudes and generalize the renormalization group
technique to the case of nonrenormalizable effective field theories. We review the existing exact solutions
of nonlinear recurrence relations relevant for field ...

Added: September 29, 2020

Budkov Y., Kolesnikov A. L., Polymer Science - Series C 2018 Vol. 60 No. Supplement 1 P. 148–159

Theoretical models of the conformational behavior of flexible polymer chains in mixed solvents enunciated in the world literature during the last decade are critically reviewed. Models describing different mechanisms of coil-to-globule transitions in a good solvent induced by cosolvent addition are highlighted. Special attention is given to the analysis of theoretical approaches to describing the ...

Added: November 30, 2018

Bodrova A., Osinsky A., Brilliantov N., Scientific Reports 2020 Vol. 10 Article 693

We study analytically and numerically the distribution of granular temperatures in granular mixtures for
different dissipation mechanisms of inelastic inter-particle collisions. Both driven and force-free systems
are analyzed. We demonstrate that the simplified model of a constant restitution coefficient fails to
predict even qualitatively a granular temperature distribution in a homogeneous cooling state. At the
same time we reveal ...

Added: February 25, 2020

Min Namkung, Younghun K., Scientific Reports 2018 Vol. 8 No. 1 P. 16915-1–16915-18

Sequential state discrimination is a strategy for quantum state discrimination of a sender’s quantum
states when N receivers are separately located. In this report, we propose optical designs that can
perform sequential state discrimination of two coherent states. For this purpose, we consider not
only binary phase-shifting-key (BPSK) signals but also general coherent states, with arbitrary prior
probabilities. Since ...

Added: November 16, 2020

Zhuzhoma E. V., Medvedev V., Исаенкова Н. В., Нелинейная динамика 2017 Т. 13 № 3 С. 399–412

В статье, используя методы теории динамических систем Морса–Смейла, авторы рассматривают топологическую структуру для точечно-зарядной модели магнитного поля областей фотосферы. Для произвольного количества зарядов (безотносительно к их местоположению) и не предполагая потенциальности поля <span data-mathml="B⃗ (следовательно, не используя конкретных формул), авторы приводят оценки, связывающие количества зарядов определенного типа с количеством нуль-точек. Для граничных оценок описывается топологическая структура магнитного ...

Added: October 12, 2017