Китай на мировом рынке услуг
The major aim of the article is to reveal the modern trends in the changes of the role of services in Chinese economy. So as to attain the goal, the authors consider characteristics of the country’s tertiary sector and its involvement in both international trade in services and global value chains. The commercial services’ exports structure, revealed comparative advantage, trade restrictiveness index are analyzed in order to highlight common and peculiar features of the sphere of services in Russia and China. The comparison of the two countries’ key indices of trade in services indicates the existing trends of broadening collaboration between the economies. What is more, the authors review horizontal measures of Chinese trade policy and regulations in particular spheres and consider commitments within the free trade agreements in services and investment.
The manual is intended for students of Department of computer engineering MIEM HSE. In the textbook based on the courses "Economics of firm" and "the development strategy of the organization." Discusses the key conceptual and methodological issues of the theory and practice of Economics and development planning of the organization. The use of textbooks will enable students: to analyze key performance indicators, and use the tools of strategic analysis with reference to concrete situations in contemporary Russian and international business. Special attention is paid to the methods and systems of information support of the life support functions of business organizations and management methodology of innovation and investment. An Appendix contains source data for analysis of competition in a particular industry.
The globalization of services plays an important role in the general process of the globalization of science, technology and innovation. Liberalization and advances in information and communication technologies has transformed knowledge-intensive services - not simply improving their trade prospects, but altering how industrial activities are conducted, integrating services and goods and contributing to the unbundling of services activities, their outsourcing and offshoring. These processes allow multiple points of entry for new types of organization, including the expansion of new knowledge-intensive service activities and the development of new international service suppliers. This has implications both for innovations in these activities, and for their role in contributing to innovation systems around the world
The paper explores the evolution of trade and economic relations between Russia and Myanmar in 1948-2018. The author compares the quantitative and qualitative characteristics of Myanmar cooperation with China, India and Russia, highlighting their features and prospects. Summarizing the results, the author states that, despite the currently modest volumes of trade and investment, the potential for developing foreign economic relations between Russia and Myanmar is very high. However, Myanmar is an important link in the regional strategies of China and India, which also belong to the BRICS and the SCO. Therefore, it is impossible for Russia to build its political and economic ties with Myanmar without taking these aspects of regional relations into account.
The EU has the most developed liberalization mechanism in services trade within the framework of an economic bloc. On the basis internal market of the European Union there are four complementary principles: non-discrimination, national origin, mutual recognition and harmonization. The system of supranational institutions, which decisions are binding upon member states, contributes to a high level of services liberalization in the EU. However, the creation of a single market for services hasn’t completed at all. The reasons are following: not all basic for single market principles are fully applied, and a service is a very specific object for international trade. Financial - economic crisis caused a new wave of protectionism in different countries, which has reflected in the preservation and the emergence of new barriers to trade in services within the EU. Integration of services in the Union is accompanied by important trade initiatives at the multilateral level. In the World Trade Organization EU countries negotiate a new agreement on trade in services, and offer provisions which providing transparency, deepening liberalization and investor protection for foreign investors in the market, will also complement and foster the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) EU - USA. Russia is only the fourth most important partner in trade in services for the EU. At the same time the European Union remains a key partner in trade in services, as well as in trade in goods for Russia. Concerning this trade economic relations there is a considerable potential for growth for both countries.
This collection includes scientific reports presented for participation in the International Conference: "The Evolution of the Global Trade System: problems and prospects" which took place on October 20-22, 2016 in St.Petersburg
This book contains a unique collection of studies on key economic and social policy challenges faced by countries of the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean region in a short- and long-term perspective. Prepared within the EU funded FP7 project on „Prospective Analysis for the Mediterranean Region (MEDPRO)” conducted in 2010-2013 it takes account on recent political developments in the region (Arab Spring) and their potential consequences. It covers a broad spectrum of topics such as factors of economic growth, macroeconomic and fiscal stability, trade and investment, Euro-Mediterranean and intra-regional economic integration, private sector development and privatizations, infrastructure, tourism, agriculture, financial sector development, poverty and inequality, education, labor market and gender issues.
The article deals with the problem of updating and continuous changes in business models of companies in dy-namic environment. Theoretical review on the subject shows the growing interest in the business models development not only for small innovative companies, but also forbig companies in traditional industries. Based on foreign publica-tions, authors examine the signals and the conditions under which companies shouldrealize innovations in their business model. Particular attention is paid to "3A" model that demonstrates how companies should reconfigure their business models.
The article addresses the problem of building bilingual competence of future customs officials as an integral part of their professional competence. The author analyzes professional requirements for professional language training of modern customs officials in the age of globalization and expanding economic and culturalties of Russia with foreign countries. She further comes to the conclusion that it is necessary to build multiculturalism in the course of foreign.