Russia and the European Union: Lessons Learned and Goals Ahead/ Россия и Европейский союз: извлеченные уроки и намеченные цели
The current crisis and pause in development of the EU-Russia relations provide a unique chance to shed the burden of past problems and start new relations from scratch. Both sides shuld sort their values and get rid of the ballast generated ny the bureaucratic inertia or false understandings of partnership. Russia and Europe are unlikely to evolve a common vision for the future. Their future is not in unity but co-existing next to each other. It is time that Russia and the EU clearly formulate their real interests and try to make relations predictable. To achieve this, howeverm both sides nees to answer some basic questions.
Marina Larionova and Vitaliy Nagornov of the Moscow High School of Economics review the prospects for progress in the five key areas for technological modernization - energy efficiency, nuclear technology, space technology and communications, medical technology and strategic information technology. The authors also examine the most important legal changes for stimulating investment and innovation, such as amendments to the list of strategic enterprises and acts on special economic zones. They emphasise the importance of higher education reform in ensuring the success of the modernization agenda. Finally they look at EU-Russia cooperation in practice taking as examples various cross border initiatives.
This study focuses on such a complex issue as an energy security. The energy security is often considered from the consumer's point of view. But it's an "umbrella term", covering a lot of concerns. This study looks at how the concept of demand security came about and how it evolved. The chapter examines requests of consuming and producing countries. Energy has a significant role in the relations between Russia and EU and this case is considered in the chapter.
The present article is devoted to a comparison of today’s values of Russians with those of people living in the other countries of Europe. Many publications have broadly discussed the question of similarities and differences in the cultural and psychological characteristics of Russians and other Europeans, and these discussions represent part of a broader polemic concerning the paths of Russia’s development. New opportunities to make well-founded comparisons between the populations of Russia and other European countries have emerged because of our country’s participation in the European Social Survey (ESS), a largescale international project in which all of the participants have to work in accordance with strict methodological requirements.1 Russia joined this international project in the third round. Surveys in this round have been carried out in twenty-five European countries; they were launched in September 2006 and completed at the beginning of 2007. In Russia the survey took place in September 2006–January 2007, with 2,437 respondents taking part.
Vladimir Magun and Maxim Rudnev present the data of international comparative European Social Survey in 2006-2007 analyzing the values of Russian population in comparison with those of the inhabitants of 19 European countries. An average Russian as compared to the inhabitants of other countries is characterized by a higher caution (or even fear) and the need in protection by powerful State, the needs in novelty, creativity, freedom and independence are less expressed in average Russians, they are less inclined to taking risks and striving for merriment and pleasures. In terms of the importance of the enumerated values average Russians are like representatives of a number of other countries, primarily post-socialist ones. They aspire to wealth and power, as well as to personal success and social recognition (but creativity and innovation are less important for them). Strong orientation to individual self-assertion leaves in the consciousness of these people, as compared to the representatives of other countries, less space for concerning about equality and justice, tolerance, nature, for taking care of the close people (lower significance of the indicators of «universalism» and «goodwill»).
This review brings out clearly the many issues concerning the EU-Russia modernisation partnership. Perhaps the most important is the differences within Russia about how far and how fast to proceed with modernisation. President Dmitry Medvedev has spoken of the need to reform Russia’s “backward” economy, to end its “primitive reliance” on oil and gas. Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, seems not to share this sense of urgency, arguing recently that modernisation was already under way, “but we need to make this development quite gradual”. Mr Putin has also been far less vocal than Mr Medvedev on the need to tackle corruption and take measures to strengthen the rule of law.
EU-Russia relations are on the stage of fundamental rethinking. Unshakeable foundations of mutual understanding and trust have been undemined. Ukraine crisis demonstrated an absolutely different vision of european security by Russia and West. New Helsinki can become the platform for launch of common free trade zone from Lisbon o Vladivostok.
European integration is going through difficult times, not only due to the crisis, but also because the logic that determines the development of the EU. It forces politicians to think in realistic terms. In a close partnership with the United States, the European powers are entering the global politic arena. For Russia, this is fraught with more complex partnership with the EU, as well as with single European countries that have revised their priorities.