Индустрия кредитных рейтингов: текущие проблемы и возможности развития на российском финансовом рынке
This paper examines the role of credit rating agencies as independent providers of opinion in the Russian financial market. The authors investigate the particular characteristics and tendencies of the Russian ratings industry. The paper also contains the competitive environment analysis and the current issues in this area. In the conclusion the authors provide the information about the credit agencies industry prospects in Russia.
The author from portuguese translated the Brazilian Law № 11.909 of 4 March 2009 г. «On legal regulation of the activity of transportation of natural gas, regulated by the article 177 of federal Brazilian Constitution and on activity of using, processing, storage, liquefication, regasification and marketing of natural gas; amendmends to the law № 9.478 of 6 August 1997 etc.»
The author examines the specific conditions under which the labor law provides payment at higher rate.
The history of legal regulation of concession relations development is considered in the article, beginning with farming system and ending with oil concession agreements in the end of twentieth century. The oil concessions development is considered in detail from the end of the nineteenth - beginning of the twentieth century; gradual changes of USA concessions and eastern concessions are compared.
In the collection of published articles and materials of the participants 10 Congress of the International Association of experts on legislative developments. Presented scientific and practical perspectives on modern legislative process, perspectives and methods of its improvement
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.