Review of: Kärger B. Leben in der amurritischen Welt: Nomaden und Sesshafte im Reich von Mari im 19. und 18. Jahrhundert vor Christus. Wiesbaden, 2014
Review of a recent monograph on nomadism in the Ancient Near East
The text TS 2 unearthed at Tell Sakka, some 12 km north of Damascus, and published by J.-M. Durand and F. Abdallah in the present volume, is of significant import for the reconstruction of historical geography and political history of the Late Bronze age Syria. It records a legal transaction taking place in the city of Ugulzat. The character of the transaction, a real estate transfer, makes probable the identification of the find place, Tell Sakka, as ancient Ugulzat. Apart from the newly found Tell Sakka text, Ugulzat is mentioned in various sources dating to the Middle and Late Bronze age period. The city plays a prominent role in Hittite religious and historical records, including the description of the famous One Year War fought by the king Suppiluliuma I against the Mitannian supremacy in Syria (CTH 51.I). Another important attestation of Ugulzat comes from recently published texts from Qaṭna. This evidence, however, didn’t allow a precise localisation of the toponym. The identification of Ugulzat with modern Tell Sakka brings about important additions to the current historical reconstruction. It confirms a vast territorial sway of Nuhašše lands which was already surmised by Assyriologists. It also lends support to the traditional view on Suppiluliuma’s Syrian campaign of the One Year War which presumes the Hittite advance up to the Damascus region, supposedly designated as Abina in the text of CTH 51.I. The installation of Takip-šarri on the throne of Ugulzat (CTH 51.I.A: 39–40) may be regarded as one of its episodes.
Review of a recent monograph on Bronze-Age gold objects found in the excavations of Mari (Tell Hariri), East Syria
The article is devoted to the little-known issue of using traditions in the modernization processes management. Examples of reliance on nomadism tradition in Kazakhstan management practices are given, in particular, used during moving of the new capital to Astana. The author examines the boundaries of foreign adoptionы using in the socio-economic life of Kazakhstan, including seemingly close to the republic Eastern countries traditions. However, modernization potential of traditions is limited as well: it only works at the start of modernization.
Among the holdings of the museums in Russia are two funerary reliefs with portraits and inscriptions in Palmyrene Aramaic, which had not been fully treated in scholarly literature. The purpose of this article is to publish the inscriptions on these reliefs. The inscription on the relief from the Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow (Inv. II 1а 647) now reads “ʔAmta, daughter of ʕAtu. Alas! (ʔmtʔ brt ʕtw ḥbl)”. The inscriptions on the relief from the State Hermitage Museum (Inv. 4176) includes two quite common Palmyrene personal names, Belta and Zabdibel. The reading of the text as a whole is still uncertain, three alternative hypotheses are proposed: (1) “Belta, daughter of Aḥ, (son of) Zabdibel. Alas!” (2) “Belta, niece of Zabdibel. Alas!” (3) “Belta, daughter of Aḥ. Zabdibel (her son). Alas!”
This paper examines such a phenomenon as «Digital nomadism», its place in the modern world and features. In the context of ongoing transformations in the structure of society, Internet workers, who carry out their activities in various forms and are different in their professional organization, take on particular importance.