Із традиційною свободою думки, саркастичной аргументовано Ричард Познер береться змалювати не тільки наявну традицію суддівського мислення, а й ту, якою вона має бути. Зрозумілой дотепно автор роз’яснює відмінності між визначеними ним дев’ятьма ііггеллектуальними стилями правосуддя, наводить докази існування прірви між науковцями-нравниками та суддями, окреслює прагматичний підхід до правосуддя.
The collection of research works prepared on the basis of the scientific and practical conference “The Russian Judiciary: Past, Present and Prospects” held by the Presidential Liblary and St. Petersburg State University on March 28, 2014. The content of the collection reflects the current issues of the theory and practice of the domestic judicial system and legal proceedings, prospects for the development of the judiciary in the Russian Federation.
The publication is intended for lawyers, judges, law enforcement officials, teachers og legal disciplines, graduate students.
This article focuses on the American experience of guaranteeing decisional independence of judges. Historically the United States turned to be the pioneer in the area of legislative regulation of the status of judiciary power. With forming the normative base of both functioning of judiciary and the status of judges the following factor (which was repeatedly emphasized by the Founding Fathers) was taken into consideration: actual separation of powers is impossible without independent judiciary, and thus institutional independence of judiciary is impossible without decisional independence of individual judges. The article includes some comments of American judges regarding the essence generating prestige and institutional independence of the American judiciary and the qualities necessary for a good judge. The article also describes the doctrine of judicial activism.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/