Идентификация и слияние: варианты соотношения «Я» и группы при формировании социальной идентичности (на примере семьи и страны)
Paper is devoted to the differentiation of the two variants of social identity - identification (in self-categorization theory) and identity fusion (in self-verification theory). In accordance with the self-regulation of body processes approach to identity, both variants are consequences of different mechanisms of identity formation, equally providing a person with the experience of self-identity and control as the general basis of the identity. In a study of identification and identity fusion with the country and family on samples of students (n1 = 161) and adults (n2 = 123) we confirmed the structural and partly (for the family only) functional differences between these constructs. Both identity fusion and identification with a group are equally associated with indicators of self-identity - subjective proximity of group to "Self" and severity of negative reaction to the change of social identity, including change for better. The results are discussed from the perspective of the possible mechanisms behind the two different variants of identity formation.