ФИНАНСОВАЯ ГРАМОТНОСТЬ И ФИНАНСОВОЕ ПРОСВЕЩЕНИЕ: ЗАРУБЕЖНАЯ И РОССИЙСКАЯ ПРАКТИКА
The article provides an overview and comparative analysis of foreign and domestic research on financial literacy. Presented successful international experience, which may be implemented in the Russian practice of developing programmes to increase levels of financial literacy. In conclusion, the article highlights the benefits and disadvantages of foreign programmes, there are positive prospects for financial education in Russia and possible ways of further development
After the 2008 crisis, the Russian consumer loan market shows high growth rates, accompanied by the quality deteriorating even faster. At the same time, a great proportion of households are not attracted by the banks and borrow informally. In this paper, we aim to learn why households refuse to become bank clients, using the data from a 2009–2010 national survey of Russian households. Our results suggest that household's choice of the informal credit market is based not only on credit rationing, but also on a lack of financial literacy, credit discipline and trust in the banking sector as a whole.
The relevance of the topic is the need to fill existing gaps in the study of micro-insurance. The goal is to identify the key factors and their influence on the development of microinsurance through the regression model. The analysis will be conducted based on the collected data for 69 countries, which include different characteristics: the level of inflation, unemployment, the Gini coefficient, the share of insurance premiums for life insurance in GDP, the index of strength of legal rights, financial literacy, index of health. The experimental variable was the percentage of the population using the services of micro-insurance. As a method of research for regression and descriptive data analysis. The expected result of the study is the determination of important characteristics that have an impact on the demand for microinsurance among the population, on what basis we can assume the expected trends in the development of microinsurance in Russia.
The aim of this article is to present the results of the pilot project on the development and implementation of programs to improve financialliteracy of youth at the level of municipal formation.
The urgency and purpose. Low level of financial capability is an actual problem of modern society. This problem directly effects on economic and social growth. Russian and foreign companies confirm that Russians have a low level of financial capability. Based on the Standard&Poors research findings was identified that only 38% of Russians have a high level of financial capability. The evaluation of real life issues in Russia and foreign countries shows that raising of financial capability level should have a complex approach. Within the frame of current research the site ProFin was developed. The goal of site is to increase people's financial capability. The site was tested on the target group and on potential group of users. Based on the test results there were defined pros and cons of the site and some recommendations for improving site were declared too. The purpose of this study – the development of tools to improve the financial literacy.
Methods. The research was designed website "ProFin" to improve the financial literacy of the population. Website Modeling was performed on the Wix platform - software for creating and designing websites.
Results. Website "ProFin" includes all the main sections of the site: home page, news and contacts. Unique sections "ProFin" Web Site are: analytical unit "Comparison of banks," which allows users to compare the financial performance of commercial banks. The section "Helpful Hints" provides important useful information to existing or future users of banking products and services. The website also posted an interactive calendar of events, allowing website users to know about the events and seminars on financial literacy in the lives’ region.
Conclusions. This tool has been tested on the target groups and potential users of the portal. According to the test results were identified advantages and disadvantages of the portal, as well as recommendations on further development of the website.
In this paper we undertake an assessment of the rapidly growing body of research on financial literacy by Russian authors, published in the period from 2008 to 2018. The articles are systematized for journals and professional status of authors. Systematic an overview of theoretical and empirical research on financial literacy is presents. The thematic analysis of articles with the highest citation indexes trends helped to identify the general directions for future research on financial literacy in Russia.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.